All About Common Skin Disorders

Common skin disorders show some defects and symptoms of the skin , and each of these symptoms is different in pain severity. Skin disorders can be temporary or permanent, sometimes painful or painless. Some skin disorders may occur due to situational reasons, while some are genetic. Some produce minor effects, but some are life-threatening.

While most skin disorders are minor, others may indicate a more serious problem. If you think you could have one of these common skin problems, consult your doctor.

Most common skin disorder problems

There are many different types of skin conditions. We share these problems with the images below.



  • It is usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and upper back.
  • It consists of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, or deep, painful cysts and nodules.
  • If left untreated, it can scar or darken the skin. It affects the appearance of the skin badly by damaging the skin structure.


  • It is red, painful and fluid-filled that appears near the mouth and lips.
  • It often tingles or burns before cold sores occur in the affected area.
  • Mild, flu-like symptoms such as low fever, body aches and swollen lymph nodes may accompany the formation of herpes.


  • It is characterized by a watery, clear, fluid-filled area on the skin.
  • It can be smaller than 1 cm (vesicle) or larger than 1 cm and can occur alone or in groups.
  • It can be found anywhere on the body.


  • It is an itchy, raised skin problem that occurs after exposure to an allergen.
  • It is red in color, feels warm and painful to the touch.
  • It can appear in small, round and annular shapes, or large and random shapes.
Actinic keratosis
Actinic keratosis

Actinic keratosis

  • Typically they are less than 2 cm in size.
  • It has the appearance of a thick, scaly or crusty skin wound.
  • It occurs on parts of the body that are exposed to a lot of sun. (hands, arms, face, scalp and neck)
  • It is usually pink in color but may have a brown, tan or gray base.
Rose disease
Rose disease

Rose disease

  • Chronic skin disease that goes through cycles of withering and relapsing
  • Relapses can be triggered by spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, sunlight, stress, and gut bacteria .
  • There are four subtypes of rosacea that cover a wide variety of symptoms.
  • Common symptoms include facial flushing, raised, red bumps, facial redness, dry skin, and skin tenderness.
Carbuncle, carrot
Carbuncle, carrot

Carbuncle, carrot

  • It is in the form of a red, painful and irritated lump under the skin.
  • It may be accompanied by fever, body aches and fatigue.
  • It can cause skin to crusting or oozing pus.
latex allergy
Latex allergy

Latex allergy

This condition is considered a medical emergency. You must quickly consult a doctor.


  • A rash may occur shortly after exposure to a latex product.
  • Hot, itchy, red in the contact area, it may appear dry, crusty when repeatedly exposed to latex.
  • Airborne latex particles can cause coughing, runny nose, sneezing, and itchy, watery eyes.
  • Severe allergy to latex can cause swelling and difficulty breathing.


  • Flaky yellow or white scaly patches.
  • Affected areas may be red, itchy, oily, or oily.
  • Hair loss may occur in the area with rash.


  • Scaly, silvery, sharply defined patches of skin.
  • It is usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
  • It may be itchy or asymptomatic.


This condition is considered a medical emergency.

  • It is a skin problem caused by bacteria or fungi that enter through a crack or cut into the skin.
  • It has the appearance of red, sore, swollen skin with or without oozing that spreads rapidly.
  • It has a warm structure and pain can be seen when touched.
  • A red streak from fever, chills, and rash can be a sign of a serious infection that requires medical attention.


  • Symptoms include fever, sore throat, red and watery eyes, loss of appetite, cough and runny nose.
  • The red rash spreads down the body three to five days after the first symptoms appear.
  • Small red spots with blue-white centers appear in the mouth.
Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma

  • Raised, firm, and pale areas that look like scars
  • Dome-like, pink or red, bright and white areas that may have a sunken center such as a crater
  • Noticeable enlargement of blood vessels.
  • Wounds that do not heal, heal and then reappear easily bleeding or leak.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Usually occurs in areas exposed to UV radiation, such as the face, ears, and the back of the hands.
  • Scaly, reddish patch of skin progresses to a raised bump that continues to grow
  • Growth that bleeds easily and does not heal or that heals and then reappears


  • It is one of the most serious symptoms of skin cancer, which is more common in people with fair skin.
  • It can be seen anywhere on the body with irregular shaped edges, asymmetrical shape and multiple colors.
  • It may change color or become larger over time.
  • Usually the average length is less than 2 cm.


  • Symptoms include fatigue, headache, fever, and swollen or painful joints.
  • A scaly, disc-shaped rash that itches or does not hurt
  • The most common symptom is scaly red patches or ring patterns on the shoulders, forearms, neck, and upper body that worsen when exposed to sunlight.
  • A hot, red rash that spreads to the cheeks and bridge of the nose, like butterfly wings, and worsens in the sun
Contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis

  • Occurs hours to days after contact with an allergen
  • The rash has visible boundaries and appears where your skin touches the irritant.
  • The skin has an itchy, red, scaly appearance.
  • There may be painful, oozing or liquid blisters.


  • Due to the autoimmune deterioration of the cells that give the skin its color, the skin pigment is lost and the skin color changes.
  • Skin color loss occurs in small areas.
  • Segmental pattern: depigmentation state is observed on one side of the body.
  • Early graying of the scalp and / or facial hair is among the symptoms.


  • It is caused by many different types of viruses called papilloma virus (HPV).
  • It can be found on the skin or mucous membranes.
  • It can occur alone or in groups.
  • It is contagious and can be passed on to others.


  • Itchy, red, fluid-filled clusters of blisters appear throughout the body at various healing stages.
  • Rash, fever, body aches, sore throat and loss of appetite are experienced.
  • It has an infectious effect until all the bubbles are crusted.
Seborrheic eczema
Seborrheic eczema

Seborrheic eczema

  • Scaly yellow or white scaly patches
  • Affected areas may be red, itchy, oily, or oily
  • Hair loss may occur in the rash area
Keratoz pilaris
Keratoz pilaris

Keratoz pilaris

  • It is a common skin condition most commonly seen on the arms and legs. However, it can also occur on the face, hip and trunk.
  • It usually disappears by the age of 30.
  • They are bumpy, slightly red and rough looking patches of skin.
  • It may worsen in dry weather.


  • They are circular shaped scaly rashes with curved edges.
  • The skin in the middle of the ring looks clear and healthy, and the edges of the ring can radiate outward.
  • It becomes itchy.


  • Common skin condition that causes dark spots to appear on the face and rarely on the neck, chest, or arms.
  • It is more common in pregnant women (chloasma) and individuals with darker skin color and intense sun exposure.
  • It shows no other symptoms beyond skin color.
  • It may disappear on its own within a year or be permanent.


  • Common in infants and children.
  • The rash is usually found in the area around the mouth, chin and nose.
  • It appears as an irritating rash and fluid-filled blisters that open up easily and form a honey-colored crust.

Temporary skin disorders

There are many temporary skin conditions, including contact dermatitis and keratosis pilaris.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is one of the most common occupational diseases. The situation is often the result of contact with chemicals or other irritating materials. These substances can trigger a reaction that causes the skin to become itchy, red, and inflamed. Most cases of contact dermatitis are not severe, but they can be quite itchy. Topical creams and avoiding irritants are typical treatments.

Keratoz pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a minor condition that causes small, rough bumps on the skin. These swelling usually occurs in the upper arms, thighs or cheeks. They are usually red or white and do not hurt or itch. Treatment is not necessary, but medicated creams can improve skin appearance.


Permanent skin diseases

Some chronic skin conditions appear from birth, while others appear suddenly later in life.

The cause of these disorders is not always known. Many permanent skin disorders have effective treatments that provide long-term remission. However, they cannot be cured and symptoms can always recur. Examples of chronic skin conditions:

  • Rosacea disease characterized by small, red, pus-filled bumps on the face.
  • Psoriasis that causes scaly, itchy and dry patches.
  • vitiligo results in large, uneven patches of skin.

Skin disorders in children

Skin disorders are common in children. Children can experience many of the same skin conditions as adults. Babies and young children are also at risk for diaper-related skin problems. Because children are more frequently exposed to other children and germs, skin disorders that rarely occur in adults may also develop.

Many childhood skin problems go away with age, but children can also inherit permanent skin disorders. In most cases, doctors can treat childhood skin disorders with topical creams, medicated lotions, or condition-specific medications.

Common childhood skin disorders include:

  • eczema
  • diaper rash
  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • varicella
  • measles
  • sealer
  • acne
  • hives
  • ringworm
  • rashes caused by bacterial or fungal infections
  • rashes from allergic reactions

Symptoms of skin disorders

Skin conditions have a wide variety of symptoms. Symptoms from common problems with your skin are not always the result of a skin disorder. These symptoms can include bubbles from new shoes or rubbing from tight pants. However, skin problems with no apparent cause may indicate the presence of an actual skin condition that requires treatment.

Skin irregularities that are typically symptoms of a skin disorder include:

  • red or white raised bumps
  • a rash that may be painful or itchy
  • scaly or rough skin
  • peeling the skin
  • ulcers
  • open sores or lesions
  • dry, chapped skin
  • discolored patches of skin
  • etli yumrular, siğiller veya diğer cilt büyümeleri
  • köstebek renginde veya boyutunda değişiklikler
  • Bir deri pigment kaybı
  • aşırı kızarma

Cilt bozukluklarının nedenleri

Cilt hastalıklarının bilinen yaygın nedenleri arasında şunlar vardır:

  • Cilt gözeneklerinde ve saç köklerinde sıkışmış bakteriler
  • ciltte yaşayan mantar, parazitler veya mikroorganizmalar
  • virüsler
  • zayıflamış bir bağışıklık sistemi
  • alerjenler, tahriş edici maddeler veya başka bir kişinin enfekte olmuş cildi ile temas
  • Genetik faktörler
  • tiroid, bağışıklık sistemi, böbrekler ve diğer vücut sistemlerini etkileyen hastalıklar

Çok sayıda sağlık durumu ve yaşam tarzı faktörü de bazı cilt bozukluklarının gelişmesine yol açabilir. Bazı cilt durumlarının bilinen bir nedeni yoktur.

Enflamatuar barsak hastalığı

Inflammatory bowel disease is a term for a group of bowel disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract. These bowel-related disorders often cause skin problems. Medicines used to treat these diseases can cause certain skin conditions, such as:

  • skin tags
  • anal fissures
  • stomatit
  • vasculitis
  • vitiligo
  • allergic eczema


Many people with diabetes experience skin problems at some point as a result of their condition. Some of these skin disorders only affect people with diabetes. Others are more common in people with diabetes because the disease increases the risk of infection and blood circulation problems. Skin diseases associated with diabetes include:

  • bacterial infections, such as boils, styes, and folliculitis
  • fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, fungal and yeast infections
  • akantozis nigrikans
  • diabetic blisters
  • diabetic dermopathy
  • digital sclerosis


Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that can damage the skin, joints or organs in the body. Common skin problems caused by lupus include:

  • round lesions on the face and head
  • thick, red, scaly lesions
  • red, ring-shaped lesions on body parts exposed to sunlight
  • a flat rash on the face and body that looks like sunburn
  • red, purple, or black spots on the fingers and toes
  • sores inside the mouth and nose
  • small red spots on the legs


Pregnancy causes significant changes in hormone levels that can lead to skin problems. Pre-existing skin problems can change or worsen during pregnancy. Most skin conditions that occur during pregnancy go away after the baby is born. Others require medical attention during pregnancy.

Common skin conditions caused by pregnancy include:

  • skin crack
  • melasma
  • Pemphigoidin
  • itchy urticarial papules and plaques
  • eczema


Stress can cause hormonal imbalances that can trigger or aggravate skin disorders. Stress-related skin problems include:

  • eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • acne
  • Rose disease
  • ichthyosis
  • vitiligo
  • hives
  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • alopecia areata


The sun can cause many different skin conditions. Some are common and harmless, others are rare or life-threatening. Knowing whether the sun is causing or worsening your skin condition is important to properly treating it.

Exposure to sunlight can cause or aggravate the following conditions:

  • mol
  • wrinkles
  • sunburn
  • actinic keratosis
  • skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma
  • to the light

Treatment of skin disorders

Many skin disorders can be treated. Common treatments for skin conditions include:

  • antihistaminikler
  • medicated creams and ointments
  • antibiotics
  • vitamin or steroid injections
  • laser therapy
  • targeted prescription drugs

Not all skin disorders respond to treatment. Some conditions go untreated. People with persistent skin conditions often go through periods of severe symptoms. Sometimes people can force incurable conditions into remission. However, most skin conditions reappear due to certain triggers such as stress or illness.

You can often treat temporary and cosmetic skin disorders with:

  • medicated makeup
  • over-the-counter skin care products
  • good hygiene practices
  • minor lifestyle adjustments, such as making some dietary changes

Prevention of skin diseases

Some skin disorders cannot be prevented, including some skin problems caused by genetic conditions and other diseases. However, it is possible to prevent some skin disorders.

To prevent contagious skin conditions, follow these tips:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and warm water.
  • Avoid sharing cooking utensils and drinking glasses with other people.
  • Avoid direct contact with the skin of other people with the infection.
  • Clean items found in public places, such as gym equipment, before using them.
  • Do not share personal items such as blankets, hair brushes, or swimsuits.
  • Get at least seven hours of sleep every night.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Avoid excessive physical or emotional stress.
  • Eat a nutritious diet.
  • Get vaccinated for infectious skin conditions such as chickenpox.

Non-infectious skin disorders such as acne and atopic dermatitis can sometimes be prevented. Prevention techniques vary depending on the situation. Here are some tips for preventing some non-contagious skin conditions:

  • Wash your face daily with a mild cleanser and water.
  • Use moisturizer.
  • Avoid environmental and dietary allergens.
  • Avoid contact with harsh chemicals or other irritants.
  • Get at least seven hours of sleep every night.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Protect your skin from extreme cold, heat and wind.

Learning appropriate skin care and treatment for skin care can be very important for skin health. Some situations require the attention of a doctor, while others can be safely addressed at home. To determine the best treatment options, you should get information about your symptoms or condition and talk to your doctor.

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