Bladder cancer occurs in tissues in the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ found in the lower abdomen (pelvis). Collects and accumulates urine produced by the kidneys. The bladder is connected to both kidneys by channels called urinary tract. Bladder cancer is the 4th most common cancer in men, but it has the highest survival rate.
Bladder cancer occurs when malignant (cancerous) cells occur in bladder tissues. The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower abdomen. It is a small balloon shaped and surrounded by a muscle wall that allows it to grow and shrink. Small canals in the kidney, filter and clean the blood. Then they take the residual substances and form the urine.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
The most common symptoms of bladder cancer:
- Blood in the urine (hematuri)
- Loss of appetite
- Involuntary weight loss
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Abdominal pain
- Bone Pain
- Pain when urinating
- Bone sensitivity
- Urination, urgency or abduction
- Feeling of urination but unable to
- Bladder infections, even if treated with medication
- Rectal, anal, pelvic and bones pain
- Even if there is no urinary tract infection, pain or burning sensation during urination
What Causes Bladder Cancer?
The cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Bladder cancer occurs when the cells in the bladder grow abnormally. Instead of growing and dividing in a normal order, these cells multiply and multiply and die. These abnormal cells are called tumors.
Who Carries Risk of Bladder Cancer?
Increases the risk of bladder cancer, smoking. Half of the bladder cancer is responsible for smoking in both men and women. In addition, the reasons we will consider increase the risk of bladder cancer.
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals
- Chronic bladder infections
- Low fluid consumption
- Being a man
- White skin
- Being old. Most bladder cancers occur in people over 55 years of age
- Consuming high-fat foods
- Family members with bladder cancer history
- Cytoxan cancer treatment for the treatment of chemotherapy used to be consumed
- Application of radiation therapy to the pelvic area to treat cancer
Bladder Cancer Diagnosis
This disease can be determined by looking at the patient’s medical history, symptoms and physical examination, urine test, x-ray, tomography, cystoscopy, MRI and biopsy tests if necessary.
Stages of Bladder Cancer
The stages of cancer are classified depending on how aggressive the cells are in their growth rate and how different they are from the surrounding tissues.
- 0.Evre: Cancer is limited to the inner membrane of the bladder.
- 1.Evre: The cancer is infected by the inner membrane of the bladder, the bladder wall.
- 2.Evre: Cancer is infected by the inner wall of the bladder, the muscles covering the bladder wall.
- 3.Evre: The cancer overcame the muscle tissue covering the bladder and spread to the fat layer around the bladder.
- 4.Evre: Cancer is spread to the pelvic or abdominal wall, lymph nodes, or more remote areas such as the prostate, urinary tract, vagina, rectum, liver, lung and / or bones.
Bladder Cancer Treatment
The treatment of bladder cancer is determined by the type, stage, age and general health of the bladder cancer.
Surgical Intervention to Remove Cancer: In most cases, cancer tissue is sometimes taken with other treatment modalities or alone.
Chemotherapy: To destroy cancer cells by using drugs. Chemotherapy can be performed before or after surgical operation.
Radiation Therapy: Using X-rays or other high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy can sometimes be administered with or without chemotherapy.
The Possibility of Bladder Cancer Survival
According to the studies, the survival of bladder cancer after 5 years of survival:
- The probability of survival for 5 years after catching stage bladder cancer is approximately 98%.
- The likelihood of living for 5 years after the first stage of bladder cancer is approximately 88%.
- The probability of survival for 5 years after catching stage 2 bladder cancer is approximately 63%.
- The probability of survival for 5 years after catching stage 3 bladder cancer is approximately 46%.
- The probability of survival for 5 years after catching stage 4 bladder cancer is about 15%.
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