If you had a headache before your period, don’t worry, you are not alone. One of the most common symptoms of premenstrual tension syndrome, also known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS), is headache. The main cause of premenstrual headache is the change in premenstrual hormones.
Causes Headaches Before Menstruation?
Changes in Hormones
Premenstrual headaches are usually caused by a decrease in estrogen and progesterone hormones that occur before your period begins. While these hormonal changes occur in all menstruating women, some are more susceptible to these changes than others and may experience symptoms such as headaches. Although the use of birth control pills improves symptoms in some women, it can also cause premenstrual headaches in some people.
Decrease in Serotonin Hormone
The decrease in the amount of serotonin also plays a role in premenstrual headache. When there is less serotonin in your brain, blood vessels can constrict, causing a headache. Before your period, as estrogen levels drop, serotonin levels in your brain may drop, which can trigger symptoms such as a premenstrual headache. If your serotonin levels drop during your menstrual cycle, you are more likely to experience a headache.
Having a headache when you expect your menstrual period to start can sometimes be a symptom of pregnancy. Other early pregnancy symptoms include nausea, mild cramps, weakness, frequent urination, increased sense of smell, breast changes, craving, bloating, and constipation.
If your premenstrual headaches are not relieving anything or become severe, you may be experiencing migraine attacks, not headaches. This pain usually only occurs on one side of your head, but there may be pain on both sides or in your temples. Other symptoms in migraine disease are nausea and vomiting.
How Does Premenstrual Headache Go?
You can go to the obstetrician to relieve the headache before menstruation. The doctor will determine your condition and prescribe the good medications that come to you.
- You can use over-the-counter pain relievers. These can be acetaminophen (Tylenol) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (Advil) and aspirin.
- Make a cold compress. Remove ice cubes from freezer. Wrap them in a clean cloth and hold them on your head.
- You can use acupuncture therapy. Acupuncture can help relieve pain by removing imbalances and excess energy in your body.
- Be physically active. Exercising at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise three or four times a week can help prevent headaches by releasing endorphins and increasing serotonin levels.
- Stress can often trigger a premenstrual headache. If you are experiencing a lot of stress, apply stress relief methods such as regular walking and breathing exercises to relieve the tension that causes headache.
- Using magnesium is among the best remedies for premenstrual headaches, acts as a muscle relaxant, and is also an anti-inflammatory. The typical magnesium dosage is 300 mg per day and up to 600 mg of magnesium per day can be taken when patients are most prone to headaches in my women’s health practice.
- Studies have shown that ginger is as effective as pain relievers in reducing pain. In general, a dose of 1,000 mg twice a day can help relieve headaches. You can obtain ginger-containing vitamin pills from the pharmacy.
- Fish oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help reduce inflammation and help restore hormones. Eat 2-3 servings of fatty fish a week or take 1,000-2,000 mg of Omega 3 pills a day.
- Bromelain is derived from the extract of pineapple and is a natural way to break down inflammation-causing molecules in your body. It acts as a digestive enzyme when taken with food. However, taking about 200-300 mg twice a day between meals can help reduce your pain and inflammation.
- Turmeric also has pain relieving properties. Turmeric can be taken in capsule form at a daily dose of 1,000-2,500 mg.