Rectal eczema, also known as anus eczema, can cause problems such as itching, redness, and rash in the anus. Causes of rectal eczema include cow’s milk allergy, food allergy, dry skin, and infection.
Causes Rectal Eczema?
Like all types of eczema, the exact cause of anus eczema is unknown. However, researchers believe the condition is linked to genetic and environmental factors.
- Cow’s milk allergy: Anal eczema can be caused by a cow’s milk allergy. Researchers determined that the causes of eczema in the anus were cow’s milk allergy (47.6%), bacterial dermatitis (17.46%), thrush (15.87%), pinworm (9.52%) and lactose intolerance (9.5%).
- Contact with soap and similar cleaning agents in the rectal area may also cause this situation. Frequent use of soap removes the protective layer of the skin.
- Proctological diseases such as hemorrhoids or fistula disease, genital warts, anus sphincter muscle weakness and often improper anal hygiene trigger this clinical picture.
- Food: Certain foods such as spices, hot sauce, and black pepper can trigger anal eczema. Yeast foods, pickles, chocolate, tomatoes and eggplant (Rectal eczema may improve after you stop consuming these foods.)
- Fish, shrimp, crab, beef and mutton, egg, onion, garlic, wine etc. can also cause eczema in the anus.
- Rectal eczema may also occur as a result of mental stress, depression, neurological dysfunction due to insomnia and endocrine dysfunction.
- Being overweight (Because in this case, the breech area cannot get enough air.)
- There is a high risk of anus eczema in summer. This is because our body sweats more.
- Sitting for a long time can also cause eczema in the area. Standing constantly in a sitting position prevents ventilation of the anus region and an increase in humidity occurs. This brings about eczema on the skin.
- Scratching around the anus irritates the skin more. This also aggravates eczema.
What are Rectal Eczema Symptoms?
Rectal itching is the most common symptom of anus eczema.
- Seeing traces of blood on toilet paper
- Intense itching in the anus
- Dry or scaly skin
- Red rash
- A burning or stinging sensation in the anus
- Anal swelling or inflammation
- Discharge causing the underwear to become dirty
- Stench-induced malodor (This is separate from fecal odor.)
- Wetness in and around the breech
- Itching in that area (Especially at night it will be more.)
- Bleeding may also occur due to irritation due to scratching.
- Another symptom is hardening and thickening of the skin.
- Rectal eczema does not cause pain. It usually manifests itself with discharge, itching and wetness. In fact, it may itch very severely and therefore the person may unintentionally bleed that area. These are not life threatening but reduce the quality of life.
- Breast appearance around the anus
- Deformity and irritation in the breech tissue may cause some tingling, burning and pain.
- Since the skin begins to lose its elasticity, slight crack formations may be observed.
How Is Rectal Eczema Diagnosed?
Generally, taking the patient’s history enables diagnosis. Physical examination is needed to detect rectal eczema. At this point, radiological imaging methods will not work. Anus eczema is more common in men. Performing examinations and x-rays will not make sense. A doctor’s personal examination is required for a definitive diagnosis.
How Is Rectal Eczema Treated?
Kiss. Dr. Atilla Kaya gives the following information on this subject;
Pruzon ointment is the only product developed for the treatment of rectal eczema. From the first day you use this, there will be a reduction in wetness and itching. After 3 days, your discomfort will be greatly relieved. However, even if you do not have any problems, it is recommended to apply one dose every day for 3 days. There are other creams that contain cortisone. However, they have various side effects. It is not recommended to refer to these unless it is mandatory. Remember, too, that ointments do not cure rectal eczema completely. The definitive solution can be achieved by identifying the underlying factor of the disease and applying a treatment plan accordingly.