Salivary glands secrete 1 to 1.5 liters of saliva per day. The task of these glands is to keep the mouth moist and clean, to facilitate chewing and swallowing, and to accelerate the digestive process. It consists of a mixture of saliva, water, mucus, antibacterial agent and digestive enzymes. Salivary glands may swell due to various reasons such as infection, tumor, and obstruction of the salivary duct. In the treatment of salivary gland swelling, pain relievers, antibiotics and sialagog (salivary secretion increasing) drugs are used.
Causes Salivary Gland Swelling?
Salivary glands are found in and around your mouth and throat. Major salivary glands are parotid, submandibular and sublingual glands. Salivary glands such as the parotid may swell for the following reasons;
- Salivary gland stones: The most common cause of swelling of the salivary glands are salivary gland stones. These are crystalline saliva deposits that can block saliva flow. When this happens, it can cause pain and swelling.
- Viral infection (such as childhood mumps)
- Bacterial infections
- Salivary duct obstruction. This may be due to a stone or a narrowing of the channel.
- Tumors (can be benign or malignant)
- Sjögren’s syndrome
- Immune system diseases: Salivary gland swelling can also occur as a symptom of immune system diseases such as HIV and Sjögren’s syndrome, in which the body’s immune system attacks the salivary glands.
- Salivary gland tumor
- Alcohol use
- Not enought feeding
- Sarcoidosis disease
- Salivary gland duct stenosis
- Sögren’s disease
- Juvenile meditation parotitis
- Side effects of the drugs used
- Salivary gland swelling can also be caused by diabetes (diabetes), autoimmune diseases, and alcoholism.
- Obstructed salivary duct (from stones or tumors)
- Viral infections such as flu and mumps can cause the salivary glands to swell. Other viral infections that can cause salivary gland swelling include Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Coxsackievirus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Salivary gland cyst: It can also be seen due to swollen cysts in the salivary gland. Rather, due to a trigger factor such as infection, trauma, stone or tumor, the flow of saliva is disturbed and a cyst forms accordingly.
Which doctor to go to for salivary gland swelling?
An ear, nose and throat doctor should be visited.
Salivary Gland Swelling Treatment
Salivary gland swelling is treated by an otolaryngologist. The treatment of salivary gland swelling varies depending on the cause of this condition. If there is a salivary gland stone, the stone is crushed and destroyed by sialoendoscopy or (ESWT).
- If there is a bacterial infection of the salivary gland, antibiotics and painkillers are used.
- If there is a benign tumor in the salivary gland, surgery is applied, if there is a malignant tumor, surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatment is applied.
- If swelling of the salivary glands is due to viral infections, antiviral drugs are used.