Medipol Mega University Hospital Dermatology Department Assoc. Dr. Ali Balevi said, “It is known that different types of collagen have different densities in different tissues. For example, 70 percent of the skin consists of collagen types 1 and 3. In this case, if you are going to use collagen to support your skin, you should choose type 1 and 3 collagen mixtures, especially type 1 collagen, ”he said.
Medipol Mega University Hospital Dermatology Department Assoc. Dr. Ali Balevi made important statements about collagen, which is indispensable for body and skin health. Assoc. Dr. Stating that collagen is the building blocks of the movement system, especially the protein that makes up bones, cartilage, fibers and joints, Balevi said. “This protein consists of three alpha chains wrapped around each other. 30 different types have been defined and named as type 1, type 2. This diversity is due to the molecular structure. Collagen hydrolyzate, a functional component, is an ingredient mostly used in the beverage industry to regulate bone and skin health. Collagen hydrolyzate has become a popular ingredient used in foods that regulate bone and skin health, as it increases the production of collagen in the body. Products that are offered for sale in the form of tablets, capsules, powder, liquid and even chewing gum as supplements to gain the collagen lost to the skin recently are frequently preferred. However, it is important to use these products under expert control and consciously. “ said.
PROTECTS BONE HEALTH AS MUCH AS SKIN
Drawing attention to the use of collagen hydrolyzate in the production of functional foods and food supplements in recent years, Assoc. Dr. Balevi continued as follows: In clinical studies, it has been observed that collagen hydrolyzate protects the joints from damage, strengthens them and reduces pain in diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatism, increases bone density significantly and regulates skin health. Collagen hydrolyzate, also known as collagen peptide, is obtained from bovine, porcine and fish skin. Collagen is destroyed by acid and enzyme hydrolysis and is widely used as a protein additive in nutritional supplements and cosmetic applications.
WHY SHOULD COLLAGEN BE TAKEN AS A SUPPLEMENT?
Assoc. Dr. Stating that there is a huge difference between collagen and collagen peptide, Balevi gave the following information: What you call collagen is a single and large structure. However, peptides are fragments of collagen in cut form. Collagen is both in the body and we take it with supplements from outside. Collagen that you take orally as a supplement will first reach your stomach, then your intestines, be absorbed in the intestines and then mixed into the blood. Here, during that absorption, it has to pass through small cells because this is our intestinal structure. Since collagen is not easily digested when it is large, these are broken down into small small pieces and can be absorbed more easily in the body. Actually, there is no effect on the whole collagen. There is an effect in certain parts, in small parts. This thing we call a peptide catches and cuts those little pieces, giving only those affected parts to the body. Therefore, for example, eating fish and taking that peptide fragment is not the same. The fish has no effect, but its absorption is very poor. Here, the effective part of the collagen is cut in the peptide and we give the part that actually affects the body. So the difference between taking the whole collagen and taking the effective part is huge. Therefore, it would be more beneficial to take collagen as a supplement.
SELECT COLLAGEN FOR PURPOSE AND USE
Pointing out that there are different types of collagen, Assoc. Dr. Balevi explained the points to consider when choosing collagen as follows: It is known that different types of collagen have different densities in different tissues. For example, 70 percent of the skin consists of collagen types 1 and 3. In this case, if you are going to use collagen to support your skin, you should choose type 1 and 3 collagen mixtures, especially type 1 collagen. Collagen is also needed for the integrity of your hair and nails. You can also benefit from type 1 and type 3 collagen mixes while supporting them. 100 percent of the tendons, that is, the beam structures where the muscles attach to the bone, are a mixture of type 1 and 3 collagen. For this reason, it would be best to benefit from type 1 and 3 mixtures as tendon support. Type 2 collagen makes up 60 percent of the collagen that makes up the joint cartilages. Therefore, when it comes to support for joint cartilages, you should choose type 2 collagen, not type 1 or 3. Choose collagen peptides with a molecular weight of 2000 daltons, ready to be absorbed by the body. The body produces collagen from amino acids that we gain with protein foods. Therefore, pill contents enriched in amino acids should be preferred. The main nutrients that help produce collagen are amino acids such as vitamin C, proline, glycine, glutamine, arginine, and zinc and copper. It would be the right choice to choose collagen with low molecular weight (around 3000 daltons) in order to increase its effectiveness, collagen supplements to be absorbed more and to ensure high biological availability. The important thing is to help produce protein in the body.
CHOOSE FISH SOURCE COLLAGEN FOR YOUR SKIN
Assoc. Dr. Balevi evaluated whether the ingredients with seafood or beef were more effective in choosing collagen as follows: Research shows that the molecule size must be at the maximum level of 2000-2500 daltons in order to see the effectiveness of collagen. Clinical studies show that both types of collagen have the same effectiveness. You can choose fish or beef collagen source according to your preference. For example, if you are allergic to beef, you can choose fish. Bovine collagen supplements are the most common and consist of collagen types 1 and 3; they are popularly promoted for hair, skin and nail health. The increasingly popular fish-sourced collagen primarily contains type 1 collagen. Studies have indicated that fish-derived collagen is the most effective collagen source for the skin and provides 1.5 times more bioavailability by the body compared to other collagen. In addition, fish collagen consists of smaller peptide molecules compared to bovine collagen. This means easy absorption and faster effect in the body.
CONSUME BONE JUICE, BEAN, EGG, FISH
Assoc. Dr. Balevi made the following recommendations against collagen loss: Exercise is the most effective way to support collagen production. Exercise regularly. By eating a healthy and balanced diet; Try to get protein, vitamins and minerals from real foods. Foods such as bone broth, eggs, fish and beans are ideal in this regard. One of the effective ways to increase collagen production and preserve what is present is to use retinol, a vitamin A derivative. In addition to retinol, vitamin C serums also reduce collagen destruction with antioxidant effect. In order to protect your skin from collagen destruction, stop smoking, be protected from the sun, sleep regularly and sufficiently, do not consume sugar and refined products. Laser, fractional radiofrequency (gold needle), dermapen, dermaroller, PRP applications that stimulate collagen production in the skin should be selected by a dermatologist according to age and need and applied regularly.
PREGNANCY, DIABETES SHOULD BE CAREFUL
Noting that when collagen is used unconsciously, it can be harmful as well as benefit. Dr. Balevi explained as follows: When used properly, collagen helps improve skin health and relieve joint pain. It helps reduce the risk of bone disorders such as osteoporosis. It helps muscle growth and strength increase in people with age-related loss of muscle mass. It helps reduce risk factors associated with heart conditions such as atherosclerosis. Helps improve brain, heart and intestinal health, control weight, and keep hair and nails healthy. However, it is very important to consult a doctor before starting collagen supplementation. Some supplements are derived from common foods such as fish, shellfish, and eggs. Especially pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, those who are allergic to seafood, beef-chicken meat and diabetic patients may also experience undesirable effects due to these products. People allergic to these foods should avoid collagen supplements made with these ingredients to avoid allergic reactions. Some potential side effects of collagen for these individuals include; may leave a lasting bad taste in the mouth. It has the potential to cause digestive side effects such as fullness and heartburn.
SMOKING, AIR POLLUTION, LACK OF VITAMIN C HAVE A NEGATIVE EFFECT
Assoc. Dr. Stating that the most important reason for the decrease in collagen production and the poor quality of the collagen produced is aging, Balevi made the following assessment: Progressing age, smoking, excessive stress, air pollution and inactivity cause the reduction of collagen, which gives the skin flexibility and vitality. The amount of collagen that forms connective and connective tissues begins to decrease as the human body ages and becomes insufficient after a while. Collagen loss, which increases with aging, causes problems such as skin dryness, wrinkles, cellulite, joint disorders. Collagen, which is frequently produced by the body at young ages, decreases not only with the advancement of age, but also due to reasons such as unhealthy diet, stress, smoking, excessive sun exposure and vitamin C deficiency. It is possible to give collagen support to the skin, joints and muscles with collagen-containing foods and collagen supplements to be used regularly.
TAKE THESE SYMPTOMS SERIOUSLY
Assoc. Dr. Balevi explained that collagen supplements should be used in the following cases: One of the most important symptoms of collagen deficiency is joint pain. At the same time, breakage of nails and hair, loss of movement, hollow appearance in the face and eyes, gingival bleeding, wrinkles on the skin surface, cellulite formation, bruises on the body, nosebleeds and extreme fatigue are symptoms. In addition to the above problems, collagen deficiency adversely affects the skin appearance with connective tissue, joints and cartilage. Symptoms of collagen deficiency on the surface of the skin are moisture balance, skin dryness, sagging, wrinkles, color unevenness, prolongation of the healing process in case of burns, cuts or injuries, pale skin appearance and crowfoot formation. Symptoms of collagen deficiency on joints, cartilage and connective tissue, decrease in muscle mass, Sport prolongation of the healing process after injuries, weakness in the bone structure, wear on the cartilage tissue, joint pain during movement. Hair and nail health is seriously damaged in the deficiency of this protein. As the growth time of the hair increases, hair loss also begins. In addition, there may be situations such as peeling and breaking of the nails.