What Does Creatine Kinase (CK) Mean?
Creatine kinase; an enzyme found in the heart, brain, skeletal muscles and other tissues. This enzyme in the blood; may result in damage to the muscles. The creatine kinase test is performed to measure the amount of creatine kinase enzyme in the blood. Creatine Kinase is also known as CK.
Muscle cells in the body need creatine kinase to perform their functions. Normally, the creatine kinase in the blood is found in skeletal muscles. Heart attack, muscle injuries, intense exercise, too much alcohol consumption and some drugs or supplementation may lead to increased creatine kinase levels. If the level of creatine kinase is found to be high at the end of the test, it is understood that there is muscle or heart damage in the body.
What is a CK (Creatine Kinase) Assay?
The creatine kinase test measures the level of the creatine kinase enzyme found in the heart tissue and skeletal muscles. This enzyme is also found in the brain in a small amount. This test is performed by blood test. For blood analysis, blood samples are taken from the veins in the arm or hand.
This blood test; Heart, skeletal muscle, brain or other parts of the body to control whether the damage is done to measure the level of creatine kinase. This test is also called creatine phosphokinase.
CK (Creatine Kinase) Test Why?
When a person experiences chest pain or weakness, the doctor will perform a CK test to check if the patient has a heart attack.
Another purpose of this test; paralysis or sports injuries. However, since creatine kinase enzyme levels cannot peak up to 2 days after certain injuries, this test may need to be done several times to determine whether the heart or other muscles are damaged.
If you are using lipid-lowering drugs, experiencing muscle cramps, pain, and muscle weaknesses, your doctor will do the creatine kinase test. Lipid (statin) drugs are used in the treatment of high cholesterol and may cause serious muscle injuries. In rare cases, these drugs can cause deadly muscle destruction.
Symptoms of CK (Creatine Kinase) Height
With the elevation of creatine kinase, other symptoms will be seen depending on the underlying condition.
In the case of elevation of creatine kinase, the following are the symptoms:
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Dizziness or loss of balance
- Pain from the chin or arm
- Excessive sweating
- Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
- A brief moment of confusion or loss of consciousness
- Speech disorders
- Loss of vision
- Muscle pains
- Muscle stiffness
- Sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body
Why Does CK (Creatine Kinase) Height?
- Recently crush and compression muscle injuries, trauma, burns and electric shock
- Muscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy (muscle melting), dermatomyositis and polymyositis (inflamed muscle rheumatism)
- Hormonal (endocrine) disorders such as thyroid disorders, Addison’s disease or Cushing’s disease
- Exhausting Exercise
- Long-term operations
- Infections [viral (such as influenza and HIV)], bacterial, fungal and parasitic (like malaria)]
- Connective tissue diseases (eg lupus, rheumatoid arthritis)
- Celiac disease
- Kidney failure
- High fever
- Blood clotting (thrombosis)
- Any drug use that prevents muscle energy production or increases energy requirements
- Brain injury
- Delirium tremenler (discomfort in alcohol patients due to an abrupt release of the drink or an infection occurring in the meantime)
- Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
- Myocarditis (middle layer infection in the heart wall)
- Rhabdomyolysis (muscle destruction)
What Are the Possible Complications of Creatine Kinase Elevation?
The absence of appropriate treatment for underlying serious diseases and diseases may lead to significant complications and even permanent damage to the creatin kinase level. After determining the cause of the elevation of the doctor’s creatine kinase level, it is very important to carefully follow the recommended treatment plan to reduce the risk of complications. If creatine kinase elevation is not treated, it can cause permanent problems such as:
- Brain injury
- Heart failure