Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are an increasingly popular method of nicotine removal among those who want to quit smoking. However, the researches have not yet proved whether using electronic cigarettes helps to quit smoking, and reveals the harmful effects of electronic cigarettes every day. In this article, electronic cigarette damages are compiled for you. We wish you a pleasant reading.
How does an electronic cigarette work?
Electronic cigarettes are devices that are used to heat a liquid solution containing nicotine and convert it into a respirable vapor. These devices often operate on batteries. Generally, they have names such as e-cigarettes, e-vaporizers, and this action, which is frequently used abroad, is called “vaping”.
Some e-cigarettes are similar to traditional cigarettes, cigars or tobacco pipes. Others look like pens or flash / USB sticks or have completely different designs. E-cigarettes have a variety of disposables or refills. The liquid used in electronic cigarettes typically contains nicotine, sweeteners, propylene glycol and herbal glycerin.
The hardness of an e-cigarette is determined by the amount of nicotine in the e-liquid and is expressed in milligrams per milliliter or percent. However, studies have raised concerns that product labels do not always provide accurate information about nicotine content. Some capsules contain a concentrated form of nicotine called “nicotine salt”. A capsule containing 5% nicotine salt can have 30 to 50 milligrams of nicotine. This is equivalent to the amount of nicotine carried by 1-3 packs of cigarettes.
Are e-cigarettes safe?
In recent months, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States have reported more than 2500 lung injuries, mostly due to electronic cigarette use, which includes tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The CDC and the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) strongly recommend that people do not use THC-containing electronic cigarette liquids or products, especially from sources such as friends, family or online sellers. If you are an electronic cigarette user; You should pay attention to symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath and chest pain. If you are concerned about your health, you should seek medical attention without delay.
E-cigarettes containing nicotine are not considered safe for adolescents, young adults or pregnant women. Apart from that, the use of electronic cigarettes, especially abroad, is very common among high school students. Nicotine can harm brain development in children and young adults until the early 20s and is toxic to developing fetuses.
E-cigarette use carries a risk of nicotine addiction in non-smokers and adults. This risk can lead to long-term use of the e-cigarette or the start of smoking, the effect of which is not yet known.
Another very rarely observed risk of electronic cigarettes is that faulty e-cigarette batteries often cause fires and explosions while the batteries are being charged. People who use electronic cigarettes should also remember that the devices they use can have these results.
Can electronic cigarettes help quit smoking?
Electronic cigarettes have not been approved by the FDA to quit smoking. Studies to test whether e-cigarettes can help people stop using tobacco have produced inconsistent results. Limited research suggests that using only e-cigarettes containing nicotine to quit smoking may be effective in the short term compared to the use of medical nicotine replacements. However, there is insufficient evidence to compare the reliability and effectiveness of using e-cigarettes for quitting smoking and evidence-based treatments. E-cigarettes may be suitable only for those who do not want to try evidence-based smoking cessation treatments or who fail with such treatments.
What are the damages of electronic cigarette?
“Is electronic cigarette harmful?” The question can be answered very clearly. Yes, electronic cigarettes are harmful to health. As the electronic cigarette was released in 2006, long-term use effects are still unknown. Although its relationship with lung injury or cancer is gradually revealed, such a long-term study has not been performed clinically yet. However, electronic cigarette has important effects especially on heart, lung and dental health. The harms on these organs are handled one by one below.
Possible damages of electronic cigarette on the heart
A 2018 report from the National Academies Press (NAP) found important evidence that breathing from nicotine-containing e-cigarettes increased heart rate. The authors also showed moderate evidence that breathing through e-cigarettes also increased blood pressure. High pulse and blood pressure, as is known, can affect heart health in the long term. A study in 2019 found that e-cigarette use is associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, angina, and heart disease.
Possible damages of electronic cigarette on the lung
In a study especially conducted in 2015, the effects of electronic cigarettes containing flavored e-liquid on both mouse and human lung cells were examined. A number of adverse effects have been reported on both cell types, including toxicity, oxidation and inflammation.
In another study conducted in 2018, lung function of 10 people who never smoked was evaluated immediately after smoking an electronic cigarette with or without nicotine. The researchers concluded that both nicotine and non-nicotine e-cigarettes disrupt normal lung function in healthy people.
NAP’s 2018 report; He reported that there is some evidence that e-cigarette exposure has adverse effects on the respiratory system, but additional studies are needed to understand to what extent electronic cigarette contributes to respiratory diseases.
Negative effects on lung health will become more evident in the coming years because electronic cigarettes, like cigarettes, gradually show their harmful effects.
Effects of electronic cigarette on dental health
It appears that electronic cigarettes have some negative effects on oral health. For example, in a study conducted in 2018, exposure to e-cigarette aerosol made it more prone to developing bacteria on the surface of the teeth or on the enamel layer. The researchers concluded that electronic cigarettes may increase the risk of caries.
Another study conducted in 2016 showed that electronic cigarette smoking is associated with gingivitis, a known factor in the development of periodontal diseases. Similarly, in a 2014 article, it was reported that electronic cigarettes can trigger irritation in the gums, mouth and throat.
Finally the same NAP report in 2018; concluded that there is some evidence that both nicotine and non-nicotine-free e-cigarettes can damage oral cells and tissues in non-smoking people. Apart from all these, electronic cigarettes can cause oxidative stress with the chemicals it contains and cause damage to both the cell and the DNA structure. This can contribute to the development of diseases such as cancer.
Remember that if you use e-cigarettes to quit smoking, your goal is to stop using all tobacco products altogether. Also, dual use of e-cigarettes containing nicotine and traditional cigarettes is strongly discouraged.
If you are looking for help to quit smoking, there are FDA approved drugs that are shown to be safe and effective for this purpose. The combination of medication and counseling has been shown to give the best results in quitting smoking. To quit smoking, you can visit http://birakbilirsin.org/ initiated by the ministry of health and consult your family physicians to guide you.
We wish you healthy days.