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İç Kanama Neden Olur Nasıl Geçer Nasıl Tedavi Edilir?

25.03.2019
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İç Kanama Neden Olur Nasıl Geçer Nasıl Tedavi Edilir?

Causes Of Internal Bleeding Symptoms Treatment

Internal bleeding; within the body, usually seen in tissues, organs or oral cavity bleeding. This condition is also known as internal haemorrhage and usually occurs in the digestive tract, chest, head and brain.

In some cases internal bleeding; live in the heart, muscle and insertion walls and in the eye. It usually occurs when blood vessels are damaged and blood; escapes from the circulatory system and accumulates in the body cavity or tissues.

The severity of internal bleeding depends on the degree of damage and the site of bleeding. Internal bleeding of vital organs such as the brain, lungs, and abdomen can lead to life-threatening problems. Emergency medical intervention may be required. However, it is not easy to determine the internal bleeding as early symptoms do not occur.

Internal Bleeding Symptoms and Indicators

Since bleeding is not evident from the outside, it is very difficult to determine internal bleeding and in addition, symptoms can only occur when the affected person loses only a large amount of blood. These symptoms vary depending on the amount and location of the bleeding. However, some common symptoms and signs may be presented below, depending on the location of the internal bleeding.

Symptoms of bleeding in the head:

  1. Body weakness, numbness on one side
  2. Tingling, especially in hands and feet
  3. Severe, sudden headache
  4. Difficulty in swallowing or chewing
  5. Change of vision or hearing
  6. Balance, coordination and loss of focus
  7. Difficulty in speaking or understanding
  8. Typing strain
  9. Changes in general vigilance, including increases in sleepiness, drowsiness or stupidity
  10. Loss of consciousness

Signs of internal bleeding in the chest or abdomen:

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Chest pain
  4. Dizziness, especially standing
  5. Bruising around the belly or around the abdomen
  6. Nausea
  7. Vomiting
  8. Blood in urine
  9. Black and tar stool
  10. Bleeding from another cavity including ear, nose, mouth or anus

Signs of internal bleeding in the muscles or joints:

  1. Pain in joints
  2. Swelling of joints
  3. Reduction of motion

Other Symptoms

Shock may be experienced in some cases of internal bleeding, where significant amounts of blood can be lost, such as the chest, abdomen or thigh. When there is not enough blood all over the body, shock occurs.

The symptoms of shock are:

  1. Fast heart rate
  2. Hypotension
  3. Sweating
  4. Changes in general alertness, including increases in sleepiness, numbness or stupor
  5. General fatigue

Internal Bleeding Causes

Internal bleeding usually results from injuries such as falling from height, trauma, car or motorcycle accidents. This may also cause blood vessels to crack, which may occur in patients with high blood pressure. Cancer is another common cause of this condition.

Internal bleeding; injury, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, crohn’s disease, urinary tract infection, hormonal imbalance, and uterine fibroids.

Other important reasons are; liver cirrhosis, stomach disorders, ectopic pregnancy, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, ovarian cysts, colon polyps, diverticulitis, vascular disorders, miscarriages and hemophilia. People with bleeding disorders and anticoagulant medications may sometimes experience spontaneous bleeding. Apart from these, the use of alcohol and the use of certain anti-inflammatory drugs may also increase the risk of internal bleeding in the body.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Bleeding

Treatment of internal bleeding; depends on the underlying cause and the amount of blood lost. In order to find the cause of hemorrhage, a complete number of tests such as complete blood count test, CT scan, ultrasound, colonoscopy, endoscopy and angiography are performed. Depending on the results of these tests and the overall health of the patient, the aim of the treatment is to stop the bleeding and repair the damage.

Your doctor; After evaluating the condition of the patient and the degree of bleeding will give medicines. Surgical intervention may be necessary to repair the damage or to take the bleeding-causing structure. Depending on the amount of blood lost, intravenous fluid and blood transfusion may be required to compensate for blood and fluid loss. Therefore, it is very important to correctly diagnose or identify the source of the bleeding to effectively treat internal bleeding.

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