Unfortunately, cancer is one of the diseases of the modern age that we cannot get rid of. . . There are many types of cancer. One of them is skin cancer. Skin cancers are seen all over the world especially due to climate changes and UV rays and the increase of chemicals released into the air. Did you know that skin cancer, which is one of the fastest growing types of cancer, occurs by giving some signals to our body? One of them is the increase in the number of moles in our body. So what are the other symptoms of skin cancer? What exactly is skin cancer? How is it treated? Radiation Oncology Specialist Dr. We learned from Züleyha Kadehçi.
WHAT IS SKIN CANCER?
Skin cancer is a malignant growth that occurs on the skin for many reasons. Skin cancer, which occurs with the development of skin cells above normal, has reached statistically frightening dimensions with its different types and gradually increasing. The most important factors for the skin cancers, which are among the most dangerous diseases of the modern world, to reach frightening dimensions are pollution, ultraviolet rays and changing diet.
WHAT ARE THE SPECIES OF SKIN CANCER?
Melanoma skin cancer: It is the fastest progressing skin cancer, although it does not appear frequently. It is a type of cancer that starts in cells that give the skin its color. Tumors usually appear in the form of brown, dark spots, as cells continue to produce color in melanoma skin cancer. Melonoma skin cancer can spread over all organs by moving on moles that exist or occur later. In the neck and back regions of men; Melanoma skin cancer, which is common in women, legs, neck and face, can be treated if diagnosed early, but its rapid spread can disrupt the treatment process.
Basal cell carcinoma: It is the most common type of skin cancer. It usually occurs in areas exposed to the sun. Basal cell carcinomas, although crusted, are spreading. It can be flat, hard and light colored or can be bumpy, pink or red.
Flat cell carcinoma: It is ranked second after basal cell carcinoma in terms of incidence. It has a generally scaly and crusted appearance. It begins on the face, ears above the hands and arms. However, it can also be seen in other sun-exposed areas of the body.
SYMPTOMS OF SKIN CANCER
The findings of skin cancers manifest themselves mostly at the points that the sun’s ultraviolet rays hit. This usually affects the face, chest, arms, and hands. The most common symptoms are as follows;
Skin flaking, pigment change, wounds that do not pass and not heal, bleeding or leakage in the skin, itching, pain, skin sensitivity, rapidly increasing number of moles, moles in different forms, factors causing skin cancer; Ultraviolet rays that damage the DNA of skin cells and lead to the onset of skin cancer,
Just like ultraviolet rays, UVA rays, which damage the skin, accelerate aging, as well as the causes of many types of skin cancer, UVB rays that damage the DNA of the skin and behind the skin cancers, radiation exposed for a certain reason, a large number of c moles, having congenital moles, having light skin and freckled skin, going to the solarium for a long time, being exposed to radiation therapy, which is used for the treatment of various diseases, having people with skin cancer in the family.
HOW TO TREAT?
The goal of skin cancer treatment is to get rid of cancerous tissue completely. Surgical methods applied at this point achieve high success. Surgical methods are not the only type of treatment. Treatment options may increase depending on the person and features of tumor tissue. Especially the type of basal cell cancer can be treated very successfully with radiotherapy. In the treatment of small tumors, the cryosurgery method can be used. Local chemotherapy applied in the form of a cream or lotion in superficial skin cancers can also be applied as a practical treatment method.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO PROTECT FROM SKIN CANCERS?
Although skin cancers occur for many different reasons, the effect of the sun and harmful rays cannot be denied. For this reason, the basic principle of protection methods is to be protected from the sun. According to this;
Direct exposure to the sun means that harmful rays come into direct contact with the skin. In this case, what needs to be done is to apply a high protection sunscreen and refresh frequently during the day, protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses that block at least 99% of UV rays. At this point, you should determine the selection of sunglasses according to the health norms, not the trends that come and go,
Be careful not to go out between 10.00 am – 4.00 pm when the sun’s rays come upright. If you need to go out, prefer light colored cotton clothes.
Stay away from the solarium. Check your skin regularly and notify your doctor about any changes you observe.