May 7 World Asthma Day

Asthma, a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent shortness of breath and wheezing, is the nightmare of millions of people around the world. In fact, according to the estimates of the World Health Organization, 235 million people are suffering from asthma.

As it is thought, asthma is not only a public health problem for high-income countries. A disease that occurs independently from the level of development in all countries. However, the correct treatment, which is proportional to economic development, affects the risk of death related to the disease. More than 80 percent of asthma deaths occur in low and middle income countries. It is estimated that 100 million new asthmatics will be added to existing asthmatics by 2025.


On May 7, World Asthma Day, Chest Diseases Specialist who touched on the importance of correct treatment and education. Hakan Solak states that there are approximately 4 million asthma patients in our country. Left-handed: “Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by recurrent shortness of breath and wheezing. Some causes and triggers are common for all people with asthma. But in some special cases, triggers are more individual. Although the main causes of asthma are not fully understood, the development of asthma The strongest risk factors for are inhaled asthma triggers, which may be indoor allergens, namely house dust mites, carpets and stuffed furniture and pollution in bedding, outdoor allergens such as pollen, mold, tobacco smoke and chemical in the workplace, as well as cold weather, anger or Excessive emotional arousal like fear and physical exercise can also be among the triggers. ”


Correct treatment improves quality of life

“In order for asthma treatment to be successful, correct diagnosis and follow-up of asthma is very important” explains Dr. Hakan Solak; “For the correct diagnosis, the characteristic course of respiratory symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, cough, chest tightness should be shown. Asthma symptoms can be mixed with other pathological conditions such as COPD or respiratory distress in old age. Misdiagnosis may cause misdiagnosis. It is more common in the groups and the disease is mixed with different forms of bronchitis and croup, and the control of the disease is delayed due to insufficient treatment, inadequate care and lack of information. ” said.


Attention to asthma during pregnancy

He mentioned that one of the most common respiratory diseases encountered during pregnancy is asthma. Hakan Solak, “While pregnancy affects the course of asthma, asthma may have effects on pregnancy and birth. Approximately one-third of pregnant women have asthma worsening, while one-third improves symptoms. The most severe attacks in pregnancy occur between 24 and 36 weeks. Symptoms decrease in the last four weeks and 90 percent There is at least one emergency application in 11 to 18 percent of the patients with asthma and hospitalization is reported in 62 percent of the patients with asthma. Therefore, close follow-up and medication adjustments are necessary during pregnancy. Otherwise, hypoxia may affect the development of the baby. ” said.

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