The average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell is called the amount (MCHC). (MCHC) is a value reported as part of the Whole Blood Count (CBC) test, one of the red blood cell indices. It is used to help diagnose the type, cause and severity of anemia. The MCHC blood test is used to determine the amount of hemoglobin in your red blood cell.
Why is MCHC testing done?
If you suffer from the following problems, your doctor will ask you for an MCHC test.
- Skin bruising easily
- Shortness of breath
MCHC normal values
The normal range of MCHC may vary from lab to laboratory or assay device. It is therefore important to know the reference range during evaluation. MCHC values are calculated in percent or g / dL.
The normal values of MCHC are:
Adults: 31-37 g / dL (28-36%)
Newborn baby: 30-36 g / dL
1-3 day baby: 29-37 g / dL
1-2 weeks old baby: 28-38 g / dL
1-2 months old baby: 29-37 g / dL
3 months-2 year old baby: 30-36 g / dL
Children older than 2 years: 31-37 g / dL
MCHC Height and Causes
If your MCHC value is greater than 35, ie greater than 36%, this is considered to be the MCHC height. The body needs some vitamins for red blood cell production. These are B12 and folic acid. If there are deficiencies in these components, anemia occurs and the red blood cells in the body are higher than normal, contain more hemoglobin, so the MCHC ratio also increases.
Spherocytosis may cause an increase in MCHC. Spherocyte is a type of red blood cell that contains too much hemoglobin. Factors that increase the level of MCHC also cause macrocytic anemia (anemia).
Causes of MCHC height
- Macrocytic anemia
- Liver diseases
- Deficiencies of certain vitamins such as B12 and folic acid
- Kidney Disease
- Severe burns
- Alcohol addiction
- Dehydration (The body is dehydrated)
MCHC low and causes
If your MCHC is less than 31, ie less than 28%, this is considered a low MCHC.
- Hypochromatic anemia
- Blood loss
- Iron deficiency. Iron deficiency may also be due to some factors:
- Malnutrition in terms of iron
- Iron absorption problems
- Iron loss with bleeding
- Iron loss with urine
- Excessive fluid intake
- Continuous blood loss from the body, eg persistent gastric, hemorrhoidal, and peptic ulcer bleeding
- Iron absorption problem in the intestine
- Gastrointestinal tumor
- Genito-kidney stone due to bleeding from the lungs
- Excessive menstruation in women
- Hypochromic anemia (red blood cells containing low amounts of hemoglobin)
How does the MCHC values return to normal?
If there is an abnormality in MCHC values, you should contact your internal medicine doctor. Before your doctor tries to normalize your hemoglobin level, he / she will perform the MCHC test and determine the factors that cause MCHC height or low and will treat the problem.
If problems in the bone marrow are a systematic condition such as cancer and kidney failure, you should be treated under specialist care.
If the side effects of drugs have a negative effect on MCHC values, you should replace the medicine you use with a doctor’s control equivalent.
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