Menopause: 11 things every woman should know

All women over a certain age experience menopause. Menopause is defined as the period in which there is no menstrual period for a year. The age you encounter with menopause may vary, but it usually occurs in your late 40s or early 50s.

Menopause can cause many changes in your body. As a result of the decrease in estrogen and progesterone production in your ovaries, symptoms such as hot flashes, weight gain or vaginal dryness may occur. It may also increase the risk for certain conditions, such as menopause, osteoporosis.

Here are 11 things every woman should know about menopause.


1. At what age will I be when I enter menopause

Menopause age is thought to be genetically determined, but things like smoking or chemotherapy can speed up ovarian decline and cause early menopause. Menopausal is later than in women who have given birth and those who have not used contraceptive. Women enter menopause between the ages of 45 and 55 on average.

2. What is the difference between perimenopause and menopause

Perimenopause refers to the time period just before menopause begins. During perimenopause, your body begins to enter menopause. This means that the production of hormones in your ovaries begins to drop. You may start to experience some symptoms associated with menopause, such as hot flashes. The menstrual cycle can be irregular, but it does not end during the perimenopause stage. When the menstrual cycle is completely over for 12 consecutive months, menopause begins.


3. What symptoms appear when estrogen levels decrease

About 75 percent of women state that they experienced hot flashes as the most common symptom during menopause. Hot flashes can take place day or night. Some women may also experience muscle and joint pain, known as arthralgia or mood swings. It can be difficult to determine if these symptoms are caused by changes in your hormones, living conditions, or aging process.

4. How do I know if they are hot

During hot flashes, you will feel your body temperature rising. Hot flashes affect the upper half of your body and your skin may turn red or smudge. This heat can cause sweating, heart palpitations, and dizziness. Hot flashes can occur daily or even many times a day. You can live for a year or for several years.

Factors that trigger hot flashes:

– consuming alcohol or caffeine
– Eating spicy food
– Feeling stressed
– Being in a warm place

Being overweight and smoking worsens hot flashes. A few techniques can help alleviate hot flashes:

– Use a fan in your home or office.
– Do breathing exercises during hot flashes.

Birth control pills, hormone therapy, or medications can help reduce hot flashes. If you have trouble managing hot flashes on your own, you can contact your doctor.


5. How does menopause affect my bone health

The decrease in estrogen production can affect the amount of calcium in your bones. This can cause significant reductions in bone density, which can lead to osteoporosis. It also allows you to be more sensitive to hip, spine and other bone fractures. Many women experience accelerated bone loss in the first few years after the last menstrual period.

To keep your bones healthy:

– Eat plenty of calcium-containing foods, such as dairy products or dark green leafy vegetables.
– Take a vitamin D supplement.
– Exercise regularly and add weight training to your workouts.
– Reduce alcohol consumption.
– Avoid smoking.

6. Is heart disease due to menopause

Conditions related to your heart, such as dizziness or heart palpitations, can occur during menopause. Decreasing estrogen levels can prevent your body from holding the flexible arteries. This can affect blood flow. Watching your weight, eating a healthy and balanced diet, exercising and not smoking can reduce the risk of developing heart conditions.


7. Does menopause gain weight

Changes in hormone levels can cause you to gain weight. However, aging can also contribute to weight gain. Focus on maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly and following other healthy habits to help control your weight. Being overweight can increase the risk for heart disease, diabetes and other conditions.

Weight management:

– Focus on a healthy lifestyle to manage your weight.
– Follow a versatile diet that reduces sugar intake and increases calcium intake.
– Exercise moderately for 150 minutes a week or more intensely, such as jogging 75 minutes a week.
– Remember to include strength exercises in your exercise program.

8. Will I experience the same symptoms as others

The symptoms of menopause vary from one woman to another, even in the same families. The age and decline rate of the ovarian function differs tremendously. This means that you need to manage your menopause individually. Those that work for your mother or best friend may not work for you. If you have any questions about menopause, talk to your doctor. They can help you understand your symptoms and find ways to manage them according to your lifestyle.


9. How do I know if I have had menopause when I had a hysterectomy

If your uterus was surgically removed by hysterectomy, you may not know that you have entered menopause unless you experience hot flashes. This can also happen if you have had an endometrial ablation and your ovaries have not been removed. Endometrial ablation is the removal of the lining of your menstrual cycle for the treatment of heavy menstruation.

If there are no symptoms, a blood test can show if your ovaries are still working. This test can be used to help doctors find your estrogen level; It may be useful if you are at risk of osteoporosis. Because knowing your estrogen status is important in determining whether you need a bone density assessment.

10. Is hormone replacement a safe option

Various hormone treatments can be used to prevent hot flashes and bone loss. The benefits and risks vary depending on the severity of your hot flashes and bone loss and your health. These treatments may not be suitable for you. Always speak to your doctor before trying any hormone therapy.


11. Are there non-hormonal options for the treatment of menopausal symptoms

Hormone therapy may not be the right choice for you. Some medical conditions may prevent you from using hormone therapy safely, or you may choose not to use this type of treatment for your own personal reasons. Changes in your lifestyle can help you relieve most of your symptoms without the need for hormonal intervention.

Lifestyle changes:

Weight loss
– Exercise
– Room temperature decrease
– Avoiding foods that worsen symptoms
– Dressing in light cotton clothes

Treatments such as herbal treatments, acupuncture, some low-dose antidepressants, and other medications can help reduce hot flashes. You can use medicines recommended by your doctor to prevent bone loss.

Final note

Menopause is a natural part of a woman’s life cycle. This is when estrogen and progesterone levels drop. The risk may increase for certain conditions after menopause, such as osteoporosis or cardiovascular disease. Follow a healthy diet and exercise abundantly to manage symptoms, prevent unnecessary weight gain.

If you experience negative symptoms that affect your ability to function or notice anything unusual you may need to take a closer look, you should consult your doctor. There are many treatment options to help symptoms such as hot flashes. Consult your doctor for regular gynecological examinations when entering menopause.

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