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Paralytic Ileus Causes, How to Pass, Which Doctorate?

09.03.2019
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Paralytic Ileus Causes, How to Pass, Which Doctorate?

Ileus is the medical name of intestinal obstruction. Gastroenterology Doctor Özdil provides the following information about intestinal obstruction and paralytic ileus; ( Bowel obstruction is an important health problem requiring urgent medical treatment . Intestinal obstruction is divided into mechanical and paralytic ileus (bowel paralysis). obstruction is usually caused by intraabdominal adhesions, hernias and tumors, whereas large bowel obstruction is caused by colon cancer, intestinal knotting, diverticulitis (inflammation of the outward extension of the intestine).

There is no reason to obstruct the intestine in the paralytic ileus. It develops because of bowel movements after paralysis of the intestinal wall. Causes of this condition include inflammation of the intestine or surrounding organs, reduction of potassium salt in the blood, and vascular occlusion of the intestines. Bowel obstruction causes symptoms such as pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation and hardness in the abdomen. The hospital should go to the hospital without delay. Bowel obstruction is diagnosed by abdominal film and other imaging methods. In the treatment of intestinal obstruction, oral feeding is discontinued and the patient is given intravenous fluid support. According to the cause of the treatment is made. Intestinal stickiness, such as tumor congestion causes surgical operation.

The intestines are the most important part of the digestive system that absorbs the nutrients in the foods we eat. Digested food residues pass through the intestine and are excreted by the anus out of the body as the final stage of digestion. Paralytic ileus is called paralysis of the muscles in the intestine as a result of slowing or stopping of the bowel movement. It leads to obstruction of the intestines and can be fatal if not treated.

Causes of paralytic ileus

  1. Paralytic ileus is caused by damage to nerves and muscles that regulate movement and digestion in the intestine. Here are the most common causes of paralytic ileus;
  2. Gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach or intestines, infection)
  3. Appendicitis
  4. Renal diseases
  5. Damage to the spinal cord
  6. Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas),
  7. Imbalances in the electrolytes in the body
  8. Surgical complications
  9. Blockage of the mesenteric artery providing blood into the abdomen
  10. Side effects of drugs used
  11. Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (disease causing death of intestinal tissues in newborns)
  12. Diabetic ketoacidosis (life-threatening complication of diabetes)
  13. Botulism (botulinum poisoning)
  14. Porphyria (metabolic disorder)

Symptoms of paralytic ileus

  1. Abdominal swelling, feeling of fullness
  2. Abdominal spasm, contraction
  3. Constipation
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Vomiting
  6. Bad breath
  7. Stomache ache
  8. Nausea (with or without vomiting)

How is Paralytic Ileus diagnosed?

Diagnosis of the condition usually occurs by simple medical examination. Doctors press the stethoscope on the patient’s stomach and listen to the bowel sound. If there is no bowel sound, other tests can be performed. Abdominal X-rays, Computed Tomography (CT) scans and Ultrasound tests are among the paralytic diagnostic methods.

How is paralytic ileus treated?

Paralytic ileus is one of the most common causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and children. The internal medicine doctor should be consulted and treated. If left untreated, paralytic ileus can cause serious problems such as infection, jaundice, electrolyte imbalance and intestinal perforation. Paralytic ileus treatment varies according to the cause, treatment usually occurs as a tube placement from the nose or abdomen to relieve symptoms.

Treatment of paralytic ileus aims at normalization of the movement of the intestine. Drug therapies can also be used to restore movement to the intestinal muscles. Drugs such as Vasopressin and Cisapride are sometimes prescribed for this purpose.

Severe cases may require bowel surgery. Postoperative paralytic ileus usually heals completely.

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