Red blood cells, also known as RBCs and erythrocytes, are responsible for the oxygen transport throughout the body. Erythrocytes are an important component of blood and constitute approximately 45% of the blood. Erythropoietin (a type of hormone) is responsible for regulating the continuous production of red blood cells in the body. RBCs contain hemoglobin; Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying component, which is a pigment that gives red to the blood. Since RBCs are responsible for delivering oxygen to tissues, they play an important role in the healthy functioning of body functions. Therefore, RBC can cause various problems.
What are the normal RBC values?
In males: 4.7 – 6.1 million cells / microliter
In women: 4.2 – 5.4 million cells / microliter
Newborns: 4.8 – 7.2 million cells / microliter
In children: 4.6 – 4.8 million cells / microliter
In pregnancy: slightly lower than normal adult cells
RBC Causes of Erythrocyte depletion
- Lupus disease
- Immune system diseases
- Health problems in the spleen
- Hodgkin’s disease
- Not enought feeding
- B6, B12 vitamins, iron, copper, folic acid deficiency
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Colon cancer
- Sickle cell disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Bone marrow disease
- Bone marrow damage
- Erythropoietin deficiency
- Excessive blood loss
- Various types of cancer or blood cancer
- Insufficiency of bone marrow to produce erythrocytes
- Cancer of plasma cells
- Metabolic disorders
- Chronic inflammation
- Excessive fluid consumption
- Red cell destruction or deposition due to blood transfusion
- Blood vessel damage
- Hemolytic anemia
- Hemorrhagic infections
- Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract (GI) or other vessel beds
- Drugs used for chemotherapy
- Excessive menstrual bleeding
- Sudden or chronic bleeding, such as stomach bleeding
- Kidney Disease
Signs of RBC (Erythrocyte) low
Increase in heart rate
Shortness of breath
Dizziness (especially while standing)
Shortness of breath
Pale skin and pale color gums
Coldness in hands and feet
Learning difficulties in children
Fragility in nails
Treatment of low RBC
If you suffer from erythrocyte miscarriage, you should consult an internal medicine doctor. Treatment for a low number of red blood cells depends on the causes and symptoms of this condition.
Feed on foods rich in iron, copper and folic acid
Feeding with iron, copper-rich foods, adequate intake of folic acid and vitamin A is very important in increasing red blood cells. Pulses, green leafy vegetables such as lentils, cabbage and spinach, dried plums, organs such as liver, bean species, egg yolks, red meat, dried raisins, are among the rich foods in iron. Poultry, liver, whole-grain foods, chocolate, bean species, cherries and nuts are also foods containing copper. Cereals, bread, dark green leafy vegetables, peas, lentils, bean species and nuts have a high proportion of folic acid.
Take Vitamin A
The daily vitamin A requirement for women is 700 mcg and 900 mcg in men. Vitamin A, retinol Provides cell formation of RBCs in the bone marrow by providing access to the iron required for hemoglobin processing. Sweet potato, carrot, pumpkin, dark green leafy vegetables, sweet red pepper, apricot, grapefruit, watermelon, plum and melon fruits are rich in Vitamin A.
Avoiding sports, smoking and alcohol will also help to restore erythrocyte levels.
If you find it necessary, your doctor will provide you with a blood transfusion and supply the red blood cell from outside.