Reduction of the baby’s water (Oligohydramnios) will harm the baby?
The water that the baby is in during pregnancy is called amniotic fluid (amniotic fluid). This fluid is located in the amniotic sac and is very important for the survival and healthy growth and development of the fetus. The baby’s muscles, organs, lungs and digestive system depend only on the presence of amniotic fluid. The decrease in water, amniotic fluid during pregnancy is called “polyhydramnios” and the high level of “oligohydramnios” in medicine. The decrease of the baby’s water during pregnancy can be caused by many reasons.
What does the amniotic fluid do?
- Surrounds your baby as a pillow and protects it from trauma.
- Enables the baby to get enough oxygen.
- Keeps the temperature inside the uterus to the extent that the baby can live.
- Protects the baby from infection.
- Provides the necessary mobility for the baby’s healthy muscle and bone development.
- Helps the baby’s digestive system and lungs develop.
What causes the baby’s water to decrease?
- Problems in the development of the kidney or absence of kidney in the baby
Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
- Hyperthyroidism diagnosed in the unborn baby
- Pregnant woman suffering from high blood pressure
Developmental disorders in infants
Pregnancies over 42 weeks
- Side effects of drugs used by pregnant women
Obstructions in the urinary tract, maternal diabetes
Disorders of placenta
- Early tearing of the membranes
- Genital and urinary system abnormalities (absence of bilateral kidneys, bladder outlet obstruction, cystic diseases of bilateral kidneys, etc.)
- Existence of placental insufficiency
- Maternal use of drugs such as NSAI or ACE during pregnancy
- Twin and multiple pregnancy status
- Preclampsia (Pregnancy intoxication)
- Exceeding the day (days passed)
SLE status called lupus
- Ureteropelvic junction or urethral obstruction stenosis
- Preservation of the mother water
- TRAP and TTTS (having a transfusion syndrome from twin babies to other twin babies)
- Renal abnormalities in the baby (polycystic kidney, renal agenesis, stenosis or absence of renal tract, infections)
- Loss of fluid in the mother
Intrauterine growth retardation
Does the loss of water during pregnancy harm the baby?
In the first three months, if the amninone fluid is actually reduced, this pregnancy is most likely to result in miscarriage. When oligohydramnios is detected, the baby is delivered in the last month of pregnancy or if there is an overdose.
What should be done to increase water during pregnancy?
- In the case of amniotic fluid decrease in early period (if the baby is under 25 weeks), there is no chance of survival because of lung development. Treatment of the reduction of water during pregnancy varies depending on the underlying cause. Pregnancy follow-up and development of the baby are closely monitored. If necessary, preterm birth may be decided to prevent the baby from losing in the womb.
- The doctor’s advice for increasing pregnancy water is as follows;
- Continue to drink 10-12 glasses of water per day during pregnancy.
- Buttermilk, soup, fruit juices, such as eat plenty of water.
- Feed on foods with high liquid content. Water content of the foods with the highest liquid content is as follows; Cucumber (96.7% water), lettuce (95.6%), celery (95.4%), radish (95.3%), green pepper (93.9%), cauliflower (92.1%), spinach (91.4%), broccoli 90.7%, Fruits: Watermelon (91.5%), tomatoes (94.5%), strawberries (91.0%), grapefruit (90.5%) and Kantalup melon (90.2%).
- Stay away from alcohol and cigarettes.
- Plenty of bed rest and relax.