Sore throat can appear as a result of diseases caused by the winter season. Sore throats, which do not go away with changing causes, are becoming annoying, causing poor quality of life. We have compiled the causes and methods of treatment of sore throats. Here are the causes of sore throat you do not know!
Symptoms of sore throat
Among the symptoms of sore throat are nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, cough, high fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, body aches, loss of appetite, sore throat for more than a week.
Colds, flu, and other viral infections
Viruses cause 90 percent of sore throats. Among the viruses that cause sore throat:
– Mononucleosis, an infectious disease transmitted through saliva
– A disease that causes measles, rash and fever
– Chickenpox, fever and itchy, bumpy rash causing infection
– Mumps is an infection that causes the salivary glands in the neck to swell.
Bacterial infections can also cause a sore throat. The most common is group A Streptococcus bacteria. Sore throat causes about 40 percent of cases of sore throat in children. Chest inflammation and sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can also cause sore throat.
Smoke, chemicals and other irritants
It irritates the throat, including many different chemicals and other substances in the environment. These:
– Cigarettes and other tobacco smoke
– Air pollution
– Cleaning products and other chemicals
When the immune system reacts to allergy triggers such as pollen, grass and animal cat, it releases chemicals that cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, watery eyes, sneezing, and throat irritation. Excess mucus in the nose can flow behind the throat. This is called postnasal drip and can irritate the throat.
Dry air can absorb moisture from the mouth and throat, making the throat feel dry and painful.
Reflux disease is a condition where acid from the stomach returns to the esophagus (the tube that carries food from mouth to stomach). Acid burns the esophagus and throat. It causes symptoms such as heartburn and acid reflux.
A tumor that occurs in the throat, larynx, or tongue is a less common cause of sore throat.
Sore throat treatment
Sore throat caused by a viral infection usually takes five to seven days and does not require medical treatment. However, many people turn to acetaminophen or other mild painkillers to relieve pain and fever. In addition, natural treatment methods can be preferred with foods that will soften the throat, such as honey (if you are not allergic). It is also beneficial to consume plenty of water. Sage can be consumed for sore throat caused by pharyngitis. It should not be exposed to harmful factors that irritate cigarettes and similar throat.
Caution when giving aspirin to children!
Be careful when giving aspirin to children or teens. Children and adolescents who get rid of chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin is Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition in such children.
Treatment of bacterial infections
If your sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. You should take the prescribed antibiotics to the full, even if the symptoms are gone or decreased. Failure to take all medications in accordance with the instructions may cause the infection to worsen or spread to other parts of the body. Failure to complete antibiotic therapy to treat sore throat may increase the child’s risk of rheumatic fever or severe kidney inflammation.
Methods you can use to relieve your sore throat at home
You can treat most sore throats at home. It is important to have plenty of rest to allow your immune system to fight infection.
To relieve sore throat:
– Mix 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of salt with hot water and gargle
– Drink honey-soothing hot liquids, such as hot tea, soup water, or lukewarm water with lemon. Herbal teas have especially calming sore throat.
– Sucking throat lozenge is effective in relieving sore throat.
– Moisten the air in your environment
– Rest your voice until you feel your throat better.