Foot fracture; may occur in any bone in the foot. There are 26 small bones standing. These fractures may occur in the middle of the finger, wrist, heel or foot. Foot fracture; Injury may occur as a result of injury, falling, accident or falling on the foot.
Another cause of foot fracture is osteoporosis. Common symptoms of foot fracture; standing pain, swelling and bruising. Complete fracture of the foot fracture lasts from 1 to 3 months. In 1-3 months, the person may return to normal.
Which Doctor Goes To Foot Break?
In case of foot break, go to Orthopedics section.
What are the Symptoms of Foot Fracture?
Symptoms of foot fracture; it will be seen immediately after the break. The severity of the symptoms depends on the severity of the fracture.
- Typical signs of foot fracture are pain and swelling in the fracture region.
- Decay and swelling in the injured area
- Consistency in toes or feet
- Difficulty in moving the foot, feeling pain when the foot moves
- Inability to walk comfortably
- Bump or visible deformation on the fracture site
- Standing burning sensation
- Difficulty in moving feet, ankles or toes
- Difficulty in standing or walking
- Foot pain and swelling
- Joint pain
- Tingling or other unusual sensations
Why a Foot Break?
Foot fracture can usually be caused by falling from one place, motor vehicle accidents, falling of a heavy object on the foot and a lot of use of the foot due to sports.
What are the risk factors of foot fracture?
There are many risk factors that increase the likelihood of fracture. There is no foot break in every person with these risks.
Risk factors for foot fracture include:
- Progression of age (Foot breakage is more common in adults)
- Some conditions that cause bone deficiency or mineral deficiency (menstruation or premenopausal period)
- Certain diseases or conditions that weaken bones such as tumors and cysts
- Decreased muscle
- Sudden change in the order of activity (military service, etc.)
- High-impact or repetitive motion sports such as gymnastics, basketball, tennis or running
- Inappropriate shoes use
- Osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of the bones)
How is Foot Break Diagnosed?
X-rays and physical examination are necessary for the diagnosis of foot fracture. Thanks to the X-ray, the bones in the foot are seen, examined and the fractures are understood.
How Should First Aid Be Helped in Foot Break?
- Person whose feet are broken; should be taken to a quiet place without moving too much. If bleeding is observed then a cloth should be attached to the hemorrhage on hemorrhage and 112 should be searched without moving the feet and without panic.
- If the patient is also suspected of neck damage, it must be carefully avoided to move the person.
- In the first place, the patient’s clothes (socks, slippers, shoes, etc.) should be removed and the symptoms of fractures should be observed.
- If there is bleeding, it should be wrapped with a clean piece of cloth (the bandage is the best) and printed.
- 112 people should be informed and informed about the patient during this period.
- The foot that has been broken until the ambulance arrives should be kept higher than the patient’s heart level. (with foot cushion, pillow etc)
- In cases where the ambulance will be delayed, the foot should be fixed with a rod from the heel to the fingertip and the string. The purpose in this application is to prevent the foot from moving.
- In order to prevent swelling which may occur after foot fracture, it can be applied on ice for 5-10 minutes. (Ice must be applied between a towel without direct contact with the skin)
How is Foot Break Treated?
- Gypsum removal: In case of foot fracture, gypsum method is generally used. This method is effective and adequate because it does not require surgery.
- Using crutches: The patient uses the crutch to give his body weight to his hands and arms, not to the feet. With this method, rapid healing of foot fracture is provided. (The patient should not place his weight under the armpit when using crutches)
- Keeping the feet high: The patient whose foot is broken should keep his feet higher than the level of the heart. With this method, the healing of the fracture is accelerated and the swelling is prevented.
- Use of painkiller: In case of foot fracture; Aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen, such as the use of anti-inflammatory and pain medications will be useful. However, the dose used should not be exaggerated and medical advice should be followed.
- Use of vitamin supplements: It may be advisable to take vitamin supplements such as vitamin D and calcium to strengthen the bones.
What is done after the foot is removed from plaster?
After the cracked ambulatory gypsum, following actions should be made to strengthen the foot and accelerate healing:
Mild Exercises: The patient should make light exercises such as walking or cycling to warm up the foot after plaster. With this method, the muscles remaining in the cast for a long time will relax and the blood flow to the area increases.
Stretching and stretching exercises: Stretching and stretching exercises should be performed after the light exercises mentioned above. Opening-stretching exercises: First, sit on a chair and extend your leg. Put a towel on your feet and hold the towel tips. Then pull your foot towards your body. Feel the tension of your heel and thigh.
Ball exercises: Place up to 20 balls. Sit on a chair and move the balls one by one with your toes.
Intensive exercises: Exercises should be increased gradually.
Surgery For Foot Fracture
In case of fracture of the foot, surgery may need to be performed if the two ends of the fracture slip. In this operation, the broken ends are fixed with rivets. The postoperative recovery period is about 6 weeks and after recovery the rivets are removed. In more severe fracture cases, a screw implant can be made.