Stents are metal in the form of an expandable tube that is attached to a blocked heart, keeps the heart vessels open for longer, increases blood flow to the heart. The occluded vessel is opened thanks to the stent. The most common problem related to stents is blockages seen in the late or early periods. The main symptom of stent blockage is chest pain, tightness and tightness in the chest.. The risk of congestion during the first two days is quite high. This risk remains significant for a month. The risk of occurrence will be lower from 6 months after the operation. However, there is always a possibility that the stents will be blocked. Therefore, after the stent is placed, the patient should continue with blood thinners and the risk of clot formation should be prevented.
Stent blockage is a serious condition that threatens the health of the patient. Therefore, it should be intervened in a short time. Ballooning can be made into occluded stents or re-stenting can be applied. The reactions and vascular structures of all patients to drugs differ. Therefore, it is not clear when the stents can become blocked. In particular, smoking is among the main factors that trigger stent occlusion. It is vital that patients with stenting stop smoking and not return to this habit.
If the stents applied to the heart are blocked due to the clot formed, the patient is at risk of life. One out of every 10 people with coagulation problems dies within the next year.
Who Has Stent Occlusion? Dr. Murat Kınıkoğlu Narrates
- If the veins are damaged while stenting and the application is not done carefully,
- If the patient does not use prescribed blood thinners and Aspirin regularly,
- If the patient frequently consumes alcohol,
- Cancer, etc. other than the heart problem diagnosed. if there is a disease,
- If the stent inserted is not compatible with the diameter of the vessel,
- If the area where the stent will be placed is not suitable (such as applications close to the bifurcation areas),
- In cases where the stent should be long in cm,
- If the patient has vascular disease or advanced vascular calcification, the inserted stents will be easily blocked.
Question: Hello, My father had a by-pass surgery 2 years ago and after the operation a stent was placed, this stent is occluded every 3-4 months and balloon is made to open it. Why might this blockage be recurring and are there any measures to be taken to prevent it?
Dr. Sinan Çoşkun Turan’s answer; (It is necessary to review many issues such as whether the stent was fully inflated, the balloons were applied with sufficient pressure, is your father trying to achieve the ideal in nutrition, smoking, blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, compliance, etc.)
Question: Does stent blockage and narrowing show the same symptoms? What are these symptoms? Does having a medicated stent differ from these symptoms?
Dr. Sinan Çoşkun Turan’s answer; (Complaints based on chest tightness and constriction do not change much. However, since the contraction is partially cured and in the occlusion completely, there may be differences in terms of the intensity and continuity of the complaint. Symptoms do not change according to the stent.)
Note: The questions and answers in the article were taken from the website of the doctor website.