Although stuttering is perceived as a disease in the society, stuttering is not actually a disease. Stuttering is a disorder of speech rather than disease, causing stiffness in speech flow, pausing and prolonging a word or sound by repeated pause. Mujde Yahşi, Expert Clinical Psychologist, gave important information to all the questions about the methods of treatment and stuttering that stutterers are most curious about.
They Think Multiple Things!
Stuttering is a state of stiffness in the speech flow, pausing by repeating a word or a voice, a state of speech by extending the voice, and a speech disorder. But not every stuttering is a speech disorder. Because between the ages of 2 and 4, when the language development is accelerating, the child thinks many things at the same time and wants to put everything he thinks into the language at that moment. In this period, the child lives not in the real world, which rotates slowly, but in dreams that spin fast in his mind, and because of his insufficient vocabulary, he has a hard time expressing his thoughts in words.
For this reason, we can say that; In children between the ages of 2-4 who are just starting to speak, the speed of thinking is ahead of the speed of speech, so these children can pause and repeat their sentences. Although this situation is seen as stuttering, this is actually developmental hangouts. If families are faced with this type of stuttering of their child, there is no need to worry because developmental hang-ups are mostly temporary with the right parental attitude. The moment when the child experiences stuttering or stuttering; If he is not distracted by his speech, if he is not pressured to pronounce correctly and is not mocked, this period can be completed by fluent speech, at the latest like 7 years old.
Heredity plays an important role in the occurrence of stuttering, and therefore a child with hereditary affinity is highly likely to be affected by psychological causes.
Preparing the Ground for Stress Stuttering in Children!
Anxiety, stress and pressure stuttering are the psychological causes of children. A newborn sibling can easily initiate divorce of spouses, a loss from family relatives, or a trauma stuttering. Stuttering occurs approximately 5 times more often in children who grow up with repressive family attitudes, and especially in boys. Because when men feel tension, they tend to focus that tension on their vocal cords. The biggest difference in terms of gender is observed between the ages of 11-12.
Stuttering with the child, forcing him to speak fluently and announcing his stuttering to the child are among the biggest mistakes. These approaches will stress the child more and make it difficult for the child to speak. Other important psychological reasons that reveal stuttering; sudden shock, emotional tension and fear most of all. For example, a child being attacked by a dog, forgotten in the toilet of the school, being left alone in the broken elevator, neglected and abused by his parents or punished by his teacher are psychological reasons.
The stutterer who can talk with his family at home without difficulty; Stuttering may increase when it enters a crowded environment, confronts the public, or talks to a foreign person. Children who stutter live their emotions much more intensely than children who speak fluently. Even the excitement, joy and astonishment they experience can affect their speech. Families who realize that their child has stuttering should be more sensitive to their children. Families should definitely apply to the language and speech therapist together with the clinical psychologist in stuttering, which continues for about 3-6 months, especially after 7 years of age.