Symptoms and causes of eating disorders

Eating disorders affect millions of people around the world. In cultures that focus on weight and body image, it can affect people of any gender, race, age, or ethnic origin. Eating disorders can cause serious health problems and require immediate treatment. With the help of specially trained healthcare providers and a supportive family, chances of recovery are high. Eating disorders are a very dangerous condition and, if left untreated, can lead to permanent physical and psychological consequences.

What causes eating disorders can differ for each person. Most eating disorders are caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors, and in some cases the cause of eating disorder may not be entirely clear.


Biological causes

– Family history of anorexia, bulimia, and / or overeating disorder may put some people at risk of eating disorders due to their genes or families’ upbringing

Chemicals that control hunger, digestion, and appetite in the brain

– Hormones that control saturation and hunger (such as leptin and ghrelin)


Psychological causes

– Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

– Past or current traumas such as physical, emotional or sexual abuse

– Anxiety

– depression

– The desire to have control over some aspects of life

Not being able to control behavior

– Personality traits such as perfectionism (wanting to be perfect), excessive desire and impulsivity to succeed (do without planning or thinking outcomes)

Family values ​​related to body size, appearance and food

– Low self-esteem and self-esteem


Environmental causes

– Concentration of society on weakness and diet

– Dance, rowing, gymnastics, wrestling, etc. participation in sports focused on body

– Malicious or problematic relationships causing emotional stress and feelings of loss of control

Special cultural attitudes about how a woman / man should look and behave


Symptoms of eating disorder

You can not tell if there is an eating disorder by simply observing a person from the outside, but you can observe some warning signs. Warning signs or “red lines” may indicate an eating disorder. Below is a list of symptoms related to some eating disorders. A person with an eating disorder may have one or more of these symptoms. These signs can mean that a person also has another health problem, so it’s best to speak to a trusted authority about your concerns before making any conclusions.


Red lines for anorexia nervosa

– Meal horses

– Seeks excuses not to eat

– Extreme exercises (makes exercise a priority)

– Eats only “safe” foods (low-calorie, low-fat)

– Does not eat some food groups (eg Carbohydrate, fat)

– exhibit unusual behaviors related to food (cutting food into small pieces, always finding something wrong with food)

– He cooks others, but does not eat

– Watch food videos or visit food websites constantly

– Reads labels or counts calories

– Chew a lot of gum or drink a lot of water, coffee, sodas or non-calorie drinks

– Rejects a problem despite weight loss

– Does not attend social meetings with food


Red lines for Bulimia Nervosa

– Uses the bathroom after eating or in the middle of meals

– Consumes an unusually large amount of food in one go

– Loses control during meals

– They use their hands and fingers to vomit

– Hides food or empty packaging

– He often starts dieting


Red lines for Binge Eating Disorder (Binge)

– He often eats a large amount of food in one sitting

– loses control while eating

– Eat when not hungry

– Eat food alone

– Eating as a way to control emotions

– Hides food or empty packaging

– Stores food in large quantities

You can e-mail your questions.

MWT. Serkan Sıtkı Şahin

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