The tubular organ that binds kidneys to the bladder and carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is called a ureter. There are two ureters and two kidneys in the human body. The length of the ureters is 25-30 cm. The ureters are responsible for taking the urine produced by the kidneys and sending them to the bladder.
Urethers are tube-like structures that are part of the urinary tract (excretory system). The other organs of the excretory system are urethra, also known as kidneys, bladder and urine. Each of these organs has important roles in the excretion of currents such as urine, semen. The kidneys produce about two liters of urine every day. The urine reaches the bladder, the bladder, from the kidney through the ureters, accumulates in the bladder and passes through the urethra tube as a final stage and excreted from the body.
The most common ureteral diseases are;
Ureteral obstruction is called congestion in one or both of the tubes (ureters) that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Ureter obstruction is a health problem that can be treated. If not treated in time, high fever, pain in the groin, relatively mild symptoms like infection, kidney failure, sepsis, and death can lead to serious problems. Ureteral obstruction may cause blood in the urine, strain during urination, burning, pain relief, changes in the amount of urine produced, recurrent urinary tract infections, and high blood pressure. Ureter obstruction, surgery to the urethra stent or catheter can be treated and the disease can be treated.
The ureter is narrower than normal and urinary obstruction is called ureter stenosis. Ureteral stenosis is usually caused by tissue inflammation in the ureter or by the presence of scar tissue. Wound tissue in the ureter may occur for several reasons. For example, there may be narrowing in the ureter as a complication of hypospadias surgery. Other causes of ureter stenosis are; a tumor near the urethra, untreated or recurrent urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia. Urinary stenosis may lead to symptoms such as pain, burning, frequent urination, the presence of blood in the semen or urine, urethral discharge, swelling in the penis and pain. The catheter can be inserted by surgery and the ureter can be expanded.
Ureteral cancer occurs with uncontrolled, excessive proliferation of cells located inside the ureters that connect the kidneys to the bladder. It is a very rare type of cancer. It is usually seen in the elderly and in people who have previously been treated for bladder cancer. The presence of blood in the urine, fatigue, unintentional weight loss, pain in the urine and back pain are possible symptoms of ureter cancer. Although the exact cause of ureter cancer is not known, aging, smoking habit and previous kidney or bladder cancer increase the risk of developing ureter cancer. This cancer can be treated by chemotherapy or by surgery.
Ureteral calculi occurs when kidney stones fall into the urethra in the kidneys. These stones cause severe pain in the groin and surrounding areas.
As long as the ureter stones are stuck in the canal, they fall. If not, try to get rid of stone with one of the following 3 methods; shock waves with stone render, ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy.