Metabolism is a physical and chemical process that distributes nutrients throughout the body using calories taken during the day. Hypermetabolism refers to an abnormal increase in the body’s basal metabolic rate. Surgery, infection, fracture, trauma, blood poisoning, burns, cortisone therapy and bone marrow transplantation can cause this condition. If it is hypermetabolic, it means an excessive increase in metabolic activity.
What is Hypermetabolism?
Hypermetabolism is a physiological condition in which the metabolic activity of the body increases and also an abnormal increase in basal metabolic rate is seen. Basal metabolic rate controls functions such as breathing and maintaining body temperature. Weight loss can sometimes occur when the basal metabolic rate increases.
What are the Symptoms of Hypermetabolism?
- Anemia (Anemia)
- Weight loss.
- High heart rate.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Shortness of breath.
- Muscle weakness
- Excessive sweating
- Disautonomy (a condition in which the autonomic nervous system does not work properly)
- High body temperature.
- Some patients may experience increased sensitivity to heat.
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination due to increased metabolism.
- Blurred vision.
- The most obvious sign of hypermetabolism is an abnormally high calorie intake followed by sustained weight loss.
What Causes Hypermetabolism?
Hypermetabolism occurs when there is an injury, burn, or trauma.
Infections, sepsis (blood poisoning), burns, multiple traumas, high fever, bone fractures, hyperthyroidism, long-term cortisone therapy, surgery and bone marrow transplants can cause this condition. It can occur in the brain, especially after trauma or traumatic brain injury.
How Is Hypermetabolism Treated?
The cause and location of hypermetabolic symptoms in the body can be accurately determined with a PET scan. Symptoms usually subside when the underlying disease or injury is treated. Ibuprofen, polyunsaturated fatty acids and beta blockers can be used in treatment.