Newborn screening test is carried out to determine whether there are any diseases that cannot be understood in the tests performed since the day the baby fell into the womb, but occur after birth. Since a baby falls into the womb, it is quite easy to detect any diseases or injuries in the baby.
Various methods and tests are available to diagnose diseases that can be understood in the womb. However, for patients who cannot be understood in the womb, who can only be diagnosed after birth, baby screening test is applied. It is useful to take a look at our forum topic, What to do before leaving the hospital.
Newborn Screening Tests
The purpose of performing a baby screening test is to synthesize some of the disorders developing in the womb due to the low or high number of various substances present in the body. In such cases, the birth of the baby is considered very healthy and everything progresses normally for a few months. But after a few months, illnesses that cause various brain problems occur in the baby.
Thanks to the early diagnosis of these diseases that damage mental functions and the brain, the effects of diseases can be eliminated by taking various precautions. Therefore newborn screening tests ministry of health has made it mandatory.
How is Newborn Screening Tests (Heel Test) Performed?
The method called ” Guthrie ” is used for sample collection to perform the baby screening test. Immediately after birth or 3-4. For newborn screening tests that can be performed on days, blood is collected from the baby’s heel.
Blood from the heel is absorbed into a special drying paper and sent to the main center for testing purposes. Although it is possible to perform tests immediately after birth, the doctor’s advice is to perform the tests 3 or 4 days after birth. Because in the tests performed as soon as the baby is born, some diseases may not reveal themselves. While the blood samples taken too early may produce erroneous results, tests performed after the 7th day also give erroneous results.
For this reason, the first 3-4. Performing tests a day will ensure the most accurate results.
We recommend you to read our baby’s hearing test.