CEA is a protein normally found in the tissue of the developing baby in the mother’s womb. This protein either disappears after the birth or remains in the body in very low amounts. In adults, abnormal CEA levels may be caused by cancer. (CEA) test is a blood test used to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of certain types of cancer, especially in the large bowel and rectum cancers. This test can also be done to help determine if cancer treatment is effective. The CEA test measures the amount of CEA, ie, carcinoembryonic antigen in the blood.
What is the normal CEA value range?
For a non-smoker adult, the normal range for CEA is
Why is CEA testing done?
- To determine whether surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or triple combination work for the treatment of any type of cancer
- To determine how many cancers, such as colon cancer, spread in the body
- Controlling the success of colon cancer treatment
- CEA levels can also be measured before and after surgery to evaluate both the success of the operation and the improvement of the individual
- To help determine cancer stages, tumor size and degree of spread
- Your doctor may also ask for a CEA test when you suspect signs of cancer
- Your doctor can also use the CEA test to help determine if cancer has returned or relapsed after the end of treatment
CEA levels generally do not exceed 10 ng / ml. Values above 10 ng / ml suggest a suspicion of cancer. CEA may also increase for non-cancerous reasons.
Causes of CEA height;
Some types of cancer, such as colon cancer, rectal cancer, colon cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, reproductive tract and urinary tract cancers, lung-lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer
- Excessive smoking habit
- Infections, inflammation in the body
- Chemotherapy or radiation therapy
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Bile duct blockages
- Kidney failure
- Peptic ulcer
- Ulcerative colon
- Cirrhosis, hepatitis and liver diseases
- Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the bladder
- Inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis
- Chronic kidney diseases
- Sensitive bowel syndrome
- Inflammation of the chest, inflammation of the respiratory tract such as pneumonia
- Lung inflammation
- Stomach ulcer
- Infectious diseases
- Crohn’s disease
- Rectal polyps
- Liver disease
- Cyst in the chest
- Lung problems
- Benign breast diseases
How to reduce the height of CEA?
If you suffer from a height of CEA, you should contact a General Surgery doctor. Your doctor will perform various tests and will perform the necessary treatment according to the cause of this condition.
If CEA is caused by infection you can prescribe antibiotics. If the cause of CEA elevation is cancer, the doctor will initiate chemotherapy or radiation therapy according to the situation.