Dyshidrotic Eczema What Causes Symptoms Treatment
In medicine, known as atopic dermatitis, known as eczema, , skin disorders such as redness, itching, flaking and dryness of the skin occur. This skin disease is chronic and can be seen in approximately 6 different types. Each type of eczema has different features and symptoms. One of them is Dishidrotik eczema under the hands and feet, palms, soles and bubbles on the sides occur. These bubbles are filled with liquid and itchy. Dyshidrotic eczema also shows large red spots on the skin. In this case, skin thickening and cracking may also occur over time. Dyshidrotic eczema is exacerbated when under very stress and as a result of very long and continuous contact with water. Contact with substances such as cobalt, chromium and nickel triggers symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema. Dyshidrotic eczema is a type of eczema that is more common in women than in men. People with a history of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) have a higher risk of developing dyshidrotic eczema. This type of eczema is mostly seen in people living in temperate climates in spring and summer.
What Causes Dyshidrotic Eczema?
One of the most common skin problems today is Dyshidrotic eczema. The cause of dishhidrotic eczema, also known as dishhidrosis and dishidrotic dermatitis, is not known. The facts known with this disease are related to factors that cause or enhance the disease progression. Doctors see soap and detergents as the primary cause of dyshidrotic eczema. Therefore, especially persons in this situation should not come into contact with soap and detergents.
Dyshidrotic eczema manifests itself with itching and redness of the feet, legs, arms. These small rednesses are actually quite disturbing. Although the exact cause of dyshidrotic eczema is not known, the triggering factors discussed are as follows:
- Having allergies like allergic rhinitis
- Exposure to allergens or irritants such as certain metals
- Being under high stress
- Exposure to UV radiation
- Excessive sweating in the hands or feet
- Staying in the water too long
- Fungal infection of the skin
Having experienced atopic dermatitis in the past
Having overactive sweat glands
What are the symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema?
Symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema can be listed as follows:
- Small bubbles on the palm and finger edges
- Burning or itching sensation in the bubbles
Small bubbles in the soles of the feet
Sweating around the bubbles, a feeling of moisture
In the case of dyshidrotic eczema, skin pustules disappear on average in 2-3 weeks. However, after these blisters have passed, there may be redness, cracking, stretching or drying of the skin.
Dishidrotic Eczema Drug Treatment
In the case of dyshidrotic eczema, the patient’s first complaints are itching and inflammation. In this case, the doctor is also giving anti-itch and antihistamine effective drugs. Antihistamines such as difenhydramine (Benadryl) and loratadine (Claritin) are among the leading drugs. These creams both reduce itching and prevent infection.
Ointments containing cortisone or zinc oxide are also used to treat dyshidrotic eczema. Treatment depends on the cause of eczema. For example, if the cause of dyshidrotic eczema is a secondary bacterial infection of the skin, antibiotics should be taken under control of the dermotologist. Immunosuppressive drugs such as Pimecrolimus and Tacrolimus may be required if the treatment methods listed above are not effective in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema.
How does Dyshidrotic Eczema Go?
Creams with Cortisone
Intensive cortisone creams are very effective in relieving burning and itching complaints on the skin. However, such creams should not be used for more than 2 weeks unless advised by the doctor.
It is known that cold compress is the most effective method in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema. In all types of eczema, including dyshidrotic eczema, patients experience intense itching and burning of the skin. In this case, patients scratch the scratched areas with hard hand movements. However, it is better to apply cold compresses instead of scratching. Because cold application to the skin both eliminates itching and reduces the risk of inflammation on the wound.
The aloe vera plant, which we have recently heard about with many health benefits, is also very helpful in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema. Aloe vera helps to eliminate eczema and accelerates the healing process. Antibacterial properties found in aloe vera are very effective in treating eczema.