Known as atopic dermatitis in medicine and In the skin disease called eczema among the people, disturbing complaints such as redness, itching, scaling and dryness occur on the skin. This skin disease is chronic and can be seen in approximately 6 different types. Each type of eczema has different characteristics and symptoms. In Dishidrotic eczema, one of them, blisters occur under the hands and feet, on my palms, soles and sides. These blisters are full of fluid and itchy. In dyshidrotic eczema, red large spots are also seen on the skin. In this case, thickening and cracking may occur in the skin over time. Dyshidrotic eczema is exacerbated by too much stress and by too long and continuous contact with water. Contact with substances such as cobalt, chromium and nickel triggers Dyshidrotic eczema symptoms. Dyshidrotic eczema is a type of eczema seen in women more than men. People with a history of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) have a higher risk of Dyshidrotic eczema. This type of eczema is mostly seen in people living in temperate climates in spring and summer.
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What Causes Dyshidrotic Eczema?
One of the most common skin problems today is Dyshidrotic eczema. The cause of dyshidrotic eczema, also known as dyshidrosis and dyshidrotic dermatitis, is not known exactly. Known facts about this disease are related to the factors that cause the progression of the disease or strengthen the disease. Doctors consider soap and detergents as the first cause of dyshidrotic eczema. Therefore, people in this situation should not come into contact with soap and detergents.
Dyshidrotic eczema manifests itself with itching and redness on the feet, legs, arms. These small rashes are actually quite uncomfortable. Although the cause of dyshidrotic eczema is not known for sure, the triggering factors that are emphasized are as follows:
- Having an allergy such as allergic rhinitis
- Have had atopic dermatitis in the past
- Exposure to allergens or irritants, such as certain metals
- Being under high stress
- Exposure to UV radiation rays
- Having overactive sweat glands
- Excessive sweating in the hands or feet
- Seasonal allergies
- Staying in the water for too long
- To smoke
- Fungal infection of the skin
What are the Symptoms of Dyshidrotic Eczema?
In the case of dyshidrotic eczema, the symptoms to be seen in the patient can be listed as follows:
- Small blisters on the palm and sides of the fingers
- Small blisters on the sole of the feet
- Burning or itching sensation in the blisters
- Sweating, feeling of moisture around the blisters
Skin blisters seen in the case of dyshidrotic eczema pass in 2-3 weeks on average. However, after these bubbles have passed, there may be redness, cracks, stretching or drying on the skin.
Dyshidrotic Eczema Drug Treatment
In the case of dyshidrotic eczema, the first complaints of the patient are itching and inflammation. In this case, the doctor prescribes anti-itch and antihistamine effective drugs. Antihistamines such as Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and loratadine (Claritin) are the leading drugs. These creams both reduce itching and prevent infection.
Ointments containing cortisone or zinc oxide are also used in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema. The treatment to be applied depends on the cause of eczema. For example, if the cause of Dyshidrotic eczema is a secondary bacterial infection in the skin, it is necessary to take antibiotics under the control of a dermatologist. If the above-listed treatment methods are not effective in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema, immunosuppressive drugs such as Pimecrolimus and Tacrolimus may be required.
How Does Dyshidrotic Eczema Pass?
Intensive cortisone creams are very effective to relieve burning and itching complaints on the skin. However, such creams should not be used for more than 2 weeks unless recommended by the doctor.
It is known that the most effective method in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema is cold compress. In all types of eczema, including dyshidrotic eczema, patients experience intense itching and burning problems on the skin. In this case, patients scratch the itchy areas with harsh hand movements. However, in this case, it is better to apply a cold compress instead of scratching. Because applying cold to the skin both eliminates itching and reduces the risk of inflammation on the wound.
Especially the aloe vera plant, which we have heard with many health benefits recently, is also very helpful in the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema. Aloe vera both helps to eliminate eczema and speeds up the healing process. Antibacterial properties found in aloe vera are very effective in treating eczema.