Fish scale disease, which started with dryness and peeling of the skin, became almost unbearable and spread to the whole body, has become widespread today. The treatment process of fish scale disease, which we see in the news, is also very important. We share all the details about the fish scale disease with you in today’s news.
Ichthyosis vulgaris, commonly known as fish scale, is a rare skin disease. This skin disease, which occurs as a result of defects in the keratin substance, which is the building block of the skin, was first diagnosed in 1771 in a patient named Edward Lambert. In the 3 generation family of the case encountered fish scale disease at that time it was called hedgehog disease. Afterwards, an accurate diagnosis was made by investigating. Some studies include studies showing that it is seen in 1 person out of 250 patients. In normal individuals, epidermis cells on the surface of the skin are constantly renewed and dead skin is discarded. In people with fish scale disease, dead skin cells on the skin cannot be shed and removed. In this case, dead skin cells accumulate on the skin surface and appear as a thick, dry layer in patches.
SO WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF FISH SCALE DISEASE?
Since it is a fish scale skin disease, all symptoms appear on the skin. There is a scaly appearance on the scalp. These patients also have sweating problems. Typically, fish scale disease, which increases in winter, dryness and itching of the skin increase. Patches originating from dry and hardened skin are usually seen on the elbows and lower legs. In more severe patients, deep painful cracks develop on the soles of the feet and on the palms.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF FISH SCALE DISEASE?
Fish scale disease is a disease that can be seen from birth and can occur in the first few years of childhood. Some individuals may never experience symptoms again in their lifetime. In some individuals, symptoms may return in adulthood. Genetic transmission of the disease occurs autosomal dominantly. This means it only takes one parent to have the mutated gene to pass the disease on to the child. There are also patients reported after taking certain medications.
HOW IS FISH SCALE DISEASE TREATED?
In today’s conditions, there is currently no definitive treatment for fish scale disease. However, it can be relieved a little by natural methods. These;
Rubbing the skin lesions with a hard sponge or pumice stone after bathing can help shed the dead tissue. Moisturizers containing urea or propylene glycol should be applied regularly and continuously.
Fish scale patients are advised to constantly use a humidifier at home. Since dry air is the worst enemy of this disease, moisturizing the air that dries up in homes with heating especially during the winter months prevents the skin from drying.