Burns; tissue damage caused by exposure to heat, sun, electricity or various chemicals. In small and superficial burns, you can continue your daily life after interventions you can apply at home. Apart from this, if the burn covers a large area or affects deep tissues, you should urgently contact a medical institution. In this article, the most curious topics about burns are compiled for you.


What do burn degrees mean?

Burn rating is a classification that indicates the severity of the burn. Burn degrees can be explained as follows:

  • 1st degree burn: This type of minor burn affects only the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). It can cause redness and pain.
  • 2nd degree burn: This type of burns affects both the epidermis and the second skin layer (dermis). It can cause swelling, red, white, or blotchy skin. Blisters can develop and pain can be severe. Deep second-degree burns can cause scarring.
  • 3rd degree burn: As is known, there is a layer of oil under the skin. In this type of burns, the effect of the burns exceeds the skin and reaches this layer of fat. The skin becomes leathery. Third-degree burns can destroy nerves and cause numbness or numbness in the area. Requires urgent medical attention.
  • 4th degree burns: These burns to the bones and joints. Requires urgent medical attention.


What is good for burns?

“What is good for burn pain?” is a very curious question. First-degree burns and second-degree burns can be treated at home as long as their diameter is less than about 6 -7 cm. Below are the interventions that can be done at home, which can cause burns and prevent the burn from getting infected.

1. Cold water without ice

The first thing you need to do when you experience a minor burn is to apply cool water over the burned area for about 20 minutes. Then you can wash the burned area with mild soap and water. The important thing to note here is that the water is not cold near 0 degrees. Cool water is sufficient.

2. Cool compresses

A cool compress or clean wet cloth placed over the burn site helps relieve pain and swelling. You can apply cool compresses at intervals of 5-15 minutes. Do not try to use extremely cold compresses as this approach can further irritate burns.

3. Antibiotic ointments

Antibiotic ointments and creams help prevent infections. You can apply a special ointment on your burns that contains antibiotics and is sold for burns and cover it with a sterile non-thick cloth. Sterile gauze swabs are dressing aids that are quite suitable for this purpose.

4. Aloe vera

Aloe vera is often touted as a “burn plant”. Studies show evidence that aloe vera is effective in healing first-to-second degree burns. Aloe vera is anti-inflammatory. It promotes circulation and prevents the growth of bacteria. Apply pure gel from the leaf of an aloe vera plant directly to the affected area. As a ready-made product, if you buy aloe vera at the cosmetics store, make sure it contains a high percentage of aloe vera. Avoid products that contain additives, especially colorants and perfumes.

5. Honey

Honey is an anti-inflammatory and naturally antibacterial and antifungal. Therefore, it has been used for wound and burn treatment since ancient times. If you cannot find any ointment in your home, you can apply a thin layer of pure honey to the affected area.

6. Reducing sun exposure

One of the most important things to be cared for in burn care is to keep the burn away from sunlight. Unfortunately, this situation, which is missed or ignored when the burn starts to heal, may cause the burn site to heal later or leave a scar while it heals. When you go out, you can cover the burned area with a lightweight fabric. Everyone may burn their hands from time to time in the oven, stove or iron. Therefore, “What is good for hand burns?” is an issue that is curious by everyone. If the burn is in your hand, you can apply a bandage on your hand instead of wearing a thick, irritating (woolen) glove.

7. Not touching the bubbles

A few hours after a burn occurs, you can observe blisters filled with water, also called blisters, on your skin. Never blast the blisters and try not to touch them. Detonating a blister can cause infection. If you are concerned about the blisters caused by your burn, you can consult a specialist.

8. Taking a mild painkiller

Slight burns can also cause pain and soreness depending on their location. For this purpose, you can use painkillers containing the active ingredients ibuprofen or naproxen. When using this type of pain reliever, you should be careful not to interact and daily dosage if there are other medicines you use.


What is good for sunburn?

While spending time at sea, sunburn can easily occur if the sun’s harmful hours and exposure time are not taken into account. Therefore, “What is good for a sea burn?” is a very curious topic, especially in summer. Treatment of sunburn is just like the treatment of other burns. Until your sunburn heals, you should keep the affected area out of the sun and apply cool water, antibacterial ointment or aleo vera to your burn. You should make sure that you consume enough fluids as staying in the sun too will cause dehydration.


Applications to be avoided

You should avoid products that are thought to be good for burns but can actually worsen their condition rather than treat burns. The following burns are listed which are said to be good, but should not be applied.

1. Butter

There is no evidence to support the effectiveness of butter as a burn medicine. On top of that, it can make your burns worse. Butter retains heat and may also contain harmful bacteria that can infect burnt skin.

2. Oils

Although coconut oil, which is thought to be good for every problem, is recommended for burns, it actually causes heat retention, such as olive oil, edible oils and similar oils. Although lavender oil has been reported to help heal burns, there is little evidence to support this claim. For example, a study in rats could not find any benefit from using lavender oil to heal burns.

3. Egg white

Another popular belief is that uncooked egg whites are good for burns. However, egg whites carry a risk of bacterial infection and should not be placed in burns. Eggs can also cause an allergic reaction.

4. Toothpaste

Never apply toothpaste to burns. Toothpaste can irritate burning and create a more favorable environment for infection. It is also not sterile.

5. Ice

Ice and very cold water can further irritate your burn area. Ice can even cause a cold burn if used improperly.


When to see a doctor for a burn?

  • Face, feet, hands, hips, groin, burns covering a wide area of ​​the body
  • In deep burns
  • For burns that cause the skin to look leathery
  • Charred or burns with black, brown or white spots
  • Burns from chemicals or electricity
  • Respiratory difficulty or burning in the airway

immediate assistance should be obtained and first aid measures should be taken while waiting for emergency assistance.

Consult your doctor if you experience the following conditions after your home treatment:

  • Signs of infection, such as infiltration, increased pain, redness, and swelling
  • Burn or bubble that does not heal within large or two weeks
  • New, unexplained symptoms
  • Significant scar formation

We wish you healthy days.