Nausea and vomiting are the signs and symptoms that every person can experience throughout their lives, for many different reasons. Nausea and vomiting are mostly caused by a medical condition called viral gastroenteritis, where viruses affect the digestive system. Apart from this, the complaints of nausea and vomiting are quite intense in the early period of pregnancy, especially in the morning.
Many drugs, such as general anesthetics for surgery, can cause nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting rarely may indicate a serious and life-threatening problem. If your nausea and vomiting are not very severe, you can spend nausea with some applications you can do at home. In this article, suggestions that will be good for you such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea have been compiled.
Why does vomiting occur?
Vomiting is actually caused by signals from the brain, not from the stomach. Vomiting is a defense mechanism made by the body to get rid of a foreign and harmful substance. Sometimes nausea is felt without or before vomiting, in some cases nausea passes after vomiting.
Vomiting may occur after alcohol intake, sea or car travels or insect bites, in all cases where the body alarms and wishes to recover itself.
What is good for nausea and vomiting?
“What is good for vomiting?” You can get the answer to the question by trying the following methods.
1. Try to breathe deeply
Breathe air through your nose into your lungs and take deep breaths. Your stomach should expand while breathing. Slowly exhale through your mouth or nose and relax your stomach after each breath. Repeat this several times. You can use a meditation program to help keep up with yourself.
Research shows that deep and controlled breathing through the diaphragm activates the parasympathetic nervous system. This helps to control the biological response that causes vehicle (car, sea way) retention. Deep breathing also helps calm the anxiety that may occur when you feel sick.
2. Eat few salty crackers
Crackers are an effective and tried solution for morning sickness. They are thought to help absorb stomach acids. For morning sickness, try eating a few crackers about 15 minutes before getting out of bed.
3. Apply acupressure to your wrists
Acupressure is a popular traditional Chinese treatment method. In this method, pressure is applied to stimulate certain points in the body to relieve symptoms. Applying pressure to the Neiguan (P-6) point on the palm of the forearm, close to your wrist, may help relieve nausea and vomiting.
To massage this pressure point:
- Place three fingers on the wrist.
- Put your thumb under your index finger.
- Rub this point for two to three minutes in solid, circular motions.
- Repeat on your other wrist.
4. For more liquids
If you vomit too much, you should consume plenty of fluids to help prevent dehydration. Sip the fluids slowly. When your stomach is uncomfortable, drinking too much water at a time can cause more vomiting.
Those who do not want to drink water can also consume the following drinks that are thought to be good for nausea:
- mint tea
- ginger ale
5. Try ginger, fennel or clove
When you feel nauseous, you can try sipping a glass of hot ginger tea. Eating a small piece of fresh ginger root or ginger candy can also cause nausea. According to a 2016 study, ginger is safe and effective in pregnant women and people receiving chemotherapy to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting.
You can also make fresh ginger tea by adding a teaspoon of freshly grated ginger root to a glass of boiling water. To make this tea, steep for 10 minutes and strain before drinking.
Fennel seeds are thought to help calm the digestive system. However, there are no scientific studies on fennel for vomiting.
To make fennel tea, add a teaspoon of fennel seeds to a glass of boiling water. Brew for 10 minutes and strain before drinking.
Carnation is a popular treatment method used for nausea and vomiting caused by car or sea travel. It also contains eugenol, a compound that is thought to have antibacterial properties. To make clove tea, add a teaspoon of clove into a glass of boiling water. Brew for ten minutes and strain before drinking.
Although aromatherapy helps alleviate nausea and vomiting, studies on its effectiveness have still not been able to obtain sufficient evidence. According to a 2014 study, breathing lemon oil can help reduce nausea and vomiting associated with pregnancy.
To apply aromatherapy, try deep breathing by bringing an open bottle of essential oil closer to your nose or by adding a few drops of cotton to a nose. You can also add the oil to a room diffuser. If you don’t have lemon oil, you can try cutting a fresh lemon and breathing in its scent.
Other fragrances that can be used to relieve nausea include:
- yellow daisy
7. Medicines to stop vomiting
There are many drugs available at the pharmacy to stop vomiting. These are often called anti-emetic or anti-nausea drugs. For the nausea and vomiting that may occur during travel, drugs with a dimenhydrinate agent can be used. In addition, bismuth subsalicylate drugs can be used for general nausea and vomiting.
8. What is good for Diarrhea and Vomiting?
If you have diarrhea as well as vomiting, then you should follow a diet called the BRAT diet. BRAT in English; It consists of the initials of the words Banana (banana), Rice (rice), Applesauce (apple juice) and Toast (fried white bread). These four foods are easy to digest. It contains carbohydrates to give you energy and replenishes the nutrients you lose:
- Banana: Banana is easy to digest, it can renew potassium lost from vomiting and diarrhea and strengthen the stomach epital.
- Rice: White rice is easy for your body to digest and is a good source of carbohydrates. Brown rice contains a lot of fiber and can cause gas production.
- Apple puree: Apple puree provides increased energy due to carbohydrates and sugars and contains pectin that can help diarrhea. It is also easy to digest.
- Toast: Avoid whole wheat bread as fiber can be difficult to digest. White bread is easier to digest.
Milk, fiber (fibrous) foods, spices, and fatty foods can disturb your stomach more.
What is good for vomiting in children?
Vomiting of children should be prevented from escaping into the airways. Therefore, make sure your child is lying on their side while resting. Since the loss of water in children can develop very quickly, drink them little by little but frequently. If he cannot hold the fluid he has taken for eight hours in his stomach, contact a healthcare provider immediately.
To help with vomiting, you can also apply treatments such as crackers, massage, and fluid intake. However, do not use nausea medications without your doctor’s approval.
When to see a doctor?
You should consult your doctor in the following situations.
- If vomiting persists for more than two days in adults,
- If vomiting in children lasts more than a day,
- If vomiting persists for more than a month even if not every day,
- If you are losing weight.
If one of the following symptoms occurs with vomiting, immediate medical attention should be sought:
- chest pain,
- severe abdominal pain,
- blurred vision,
- dizziness or fainting,
- high fever,
- stiffness in the neck or neck,
- cold, moist, pale skin,
- severe headache,
- Inability to hold food and fluids in the stomach for 12 hours.