Mumps is a virus-borne infectious disease, usually seen in children aged between 5 and 9 years. Rarely adults can also be mumps. Mumps is a virus infection in the parotid salivary glands. These glands are located just below and in front of the ears. In the mumps, one or both of the salivary glands swell and pain. Swellings just below and in front of the ears are the most important symptoms of this disease.
What Are Mumps Symptoms?
- Approximately one third of people with mumps have no symptoms, but two-thirds of those with the disease may have the following symptoms;
- Pain in the ear and around the ear. Increased pain when eating, opening and closing the mouth and moving the chin
- Swelling under the ear
- Abdominal pain especially pain in the lower part of the abdomen
- Dryness in mouth
- Blockage in the ears
- Throat ache
- Pain when swallowing, difficulty swallowing
- On the side of the jaw and on the front of the ear, the parotid glands are swollen and sensitively swollen and sensitized on the one side or the other.
- An upturned image of the ear nipple
- Rust color and taste in languages
- Swelling of testes in males and females in females
- Salivary gland inflammation
- Inflammation of eggs (testis) in boys
- Inflammation in other areas of the body such as pancreas and thyroid
- Inflammation of the brain and inflammation of the brain membranes (rare)
- Deafness of ear (rare)
Kababulak is caused by an infectious virus. Paramyxovirus is the most common virus that causes mumps. Other rare viruses that cause swelling of the parotid glands include influenza and Coxsackie. This virus is transmitted by cough and sneezes of people who have mumps and by tiny droplets of virus that are spread out in the air. Mumps appear in about 16-21 days after contact with the mumps. While mumps is normally a mild disease, it can have severe consequences such as deafness and meningitis in a small number of cases. For this reason, mumps should be given to children without mumps to prevent this disease.
Does mumps make infertility?
Pediatric Specialist Özlem Ketenci tells about waste water; (Mumps is a rare condition that causes infertility, which may only occur in patients with bilateral orchitis (Testicular inflammation), but rarely in cases of bilateral orchitis.
How to Diagnose Mumps Disease
Mumps is diagnosed as a result of symptoms experienced by a person with mumps. Especially with the swelling around the parotid glands, it is determined whether the person is mumps. Your doctor may see this swelling or feel it when touched. Also, looking into the mouth of the patient, they can see that the tonsils are pushed out of their normal position. Fever in mumps is also an important finding. Approximately 37.5-39.5C (100-103F) fever may occur. Blood, urine or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests can be used to confirm the diagnosis, especially if the symptoms are severe or complications are present. The CSF test or an spinal tap ya is performed by sampling the fluid flowing through the spinal cord.
How Is Mumps Treated?
- There is no healing treatment of mumps. Treatments are intended to alleviate mumps symptoms. The body heals by developing antibodies against the virus. Thus, the person throughout his life is immune. It is very rare for a person to have mumps once in his life.
- Warm compresses are applied to the aching areas and around the swollen ear. For this, you can keep hot water bags in these hot areas, or you can iron and ironing your athletes with this iron.
- No antibiotic treatment is required. The patient should rest plenty of time.
- Mumps patients should drink plenty of cold liquid (especially water).
- Fruit juice should be avoided. Fruit juice promotes saliva production. Saliva production during the mump time can give pain.
- A mild pain medication may be used to reduce pain and reduce mild fever.
- Adolescent boys and adult males with severe testicular inflammation may be given stronger analgesic drugs or steroids called corticosteroids.
- Oral hygiene should be paid attention, sour, pickle, orange, lemon and vinegar should be avoided in daily nutrition.
- The person who has had the mumps will have difficulty eating food and swallowing and will have difficulty consuming solid foods. Therefore, liquid foods such as soups or other puree foods can be consumed easily.
How to Prevent Mumps?
The measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine are administered in two doses as part of the national immunization program. The first dose should be done at 12-15 months of age and the second dose at about 4 years of age. There is no upper age limit for vaccination. Two doses of the vaccine may be given at any age, if necessary (for example, if the child has missed the vaccination program), provided that they are three months apart. The child is advised to take the second dose before starting school. Children who are not vaccinated should be sent to school for five days after swelling of the glands and should be kept as far away from other people as possible. This is because the mumps are highly contagious and spread by cough and sneezing.
Questions and Responses to Physicians Related to Mumps
7 ve2 yaşlarında çocuklarım var. Sual: I have children 7 and 2 years old. The other day we saw the friend’s son, who was constantly seeing mumps. Mumps can be passed on to us because it’s contagious? How do I know if he’s gone?
The pediatrician Gülay Kara’s answer: (Hello, all our children are vaccinated against measles-rubella-mumps at the age of 1) The protection rate of the vaccine is between 95-98%. During the incubation period, general symptoms such as fever, weakness, etc. Afterwards, the salivary gland usually in front of the ear can hold the glands in the body and cause a complaint according to the area it is held in. duration and 3-4 days are contagious.)
Bebeklerde kabakulak aşısı kaç aylıkken oluyor sağlık ocağında yapılıyor mu? Sual: How many months of mumps vaccination in babies is done in the health center?
Pediatrician Murat Aydın’s answer: (It is done in health center in the 12th month)
6 yaşındaki kızım kabakulak oldu. Sual: My 6 year old daughter was mumps. What should I do if I have a 4.5-month-old baby? My older daughter had been a mumps vaccine.
Pediatrician Murat Aydın’s answer: (The vaccination does not mean that he will not have mumps. He can infect a small child. Do not let him touch his sister as much as possible.