Myopathy (Muscular disease) is a muscle disease that causes muscle fibers to fail due to various reasons and weakness in muscles. In other words, myopathy means any muscle disease that affects muscle tissue. Muscle diseases may result in muscle weakness, inflammation, muscle contraction or paralysis. Myopathy may be genetic and various factors may cause myopathy. Depending on the severity of the disease, the person suffering from myopathy may have difficulty in performing daily routine. There are a number of myopathy types such as muscular dystrophy, myotonia and mitochondrial myopathies. Myopathy symptoms vary depending on the type of myopathy.
In most cases of myopathy, muscle weakness occurs primarily in the muscles of the shoulders, upper arms, thighs and pelvis (proximal muscles). In some cases, distal muscles in the hands and feet may be involved during the advanced stage of the disease.
Causes Myopathy (Muscle Disease)?
Myopathy may occur due to inflammatory diseases, heredity, genetic abnormalities, exposure to toxins, glycogen storage disease, dehydration (dehydration of the body), and inflammatory diseases.
Causes of postmortem myopathy
Dehydration (the body is dehydrated)
Myositis (muscle inflammation)
Causes of Genetic Myopathy
Myopathy is genetically a disease that passes through you from the upper generations. Some genetic conditions that result in myopathy are as follows;
Congenital myopathies (present at birth)
Muscle glycogen storage disease (including Pompe disease)
Familial periodic paralysis
Mitochondrial myopathy (abnormalities of cellular components known as mitochondria)
Muscular dystrophy (a muscular disease. Starting with the leg and hip area, the patient loses his / her mobility as a result of all the body muscles falling from the force and being damaged)
Symptoms of myopathy (muscle disease)
Myopathy causes dysfunction of the muscles due to inflammation or disease and causes a number of symptoms. Symptoms may vary from person to person. Common symptoms of myopathy are;
Cramping of joints
Atrophy (a normal size of the body, organ, tissue or cell is shrinking later)
Sits from position to stand up, stair climbing, even when combing your hair strain
How is myopathy diagnosed?
Diagnosis and treatment of myopathy is carried out by the doctor of the brain and nerve diseases. Blood tests, electromyography (EMG) – tests to measure the speed and muscle function of nerve signals are applied to diagnose myopathy. Muscle biopsy in which a small muscle specimen is surgically removed may be necessary for the examination.
How is myopathy treated?
The treatment of myopathy varies depending on the cause of this condition. The aim of myopathy treatment is to slow the progression of the disease and alleviate the symptoms.
If doctors find that myopathy is caused by an underlying, treatable medical problem, they will focus primarily on the treatment of this problem. Other treatments and steps may include:
Corticosteroids and drug use for the treatment of the immune system
Stay away from certain medicines or substances