Health

What is scabies? How is scabies transmitted?

Scabies is a type of skin disease caused by a mite called sarcoptes scabiei von hominis. The scabies disease that causes itching and rash in the person increases especially in autumn and winter and is highly contagious. The scabies, which occur when sarcoptes scabiei von hominis mite, which is very common worldwide, settle on the upper layer of the skin, cause itching due to the progression of the mite by opening tunnels on the skin. The disease that causes itching more intensely at night brings rash and wound formation when it is not treated. Scabies can be seen in everyone, regardless of personal hygiene. Scabies that spread more easily in public living areas such as nursing homes and military barracks are transmitted from person to person rather than pets such as cats and dogs. Even if mites in pets are passed on to humans, they cannot enter human skin and live on the skin surface for a long time. Therefore, existing irritation may go away on its own in a short time. However, scabies that pass from person to person must be treated. Frequently asked, “How is scabies passed?” before answering the question “What is scabies disease?” It is necessary to answer the question.

What is scabies?

Scabies, which is defined as scabies in the medical language, is an infectious skin disease caused by the mite called sarcoptes scabiei von hominis, known as scabies. 0.3 to 0.5mm. In size, scabies caused by mite, which is unlikely to be seen by the eye, occurs when the mite enters the skin. Flowing through tunnels in the upper layers of the skin, the mite lives for about 4 to 8 weeks. However, during this period, he lays eggs and feces in the tunnels he opened. This condition, which causes a skin reaction, causes severe itching. When untreated, it causes rashes, wounds and different infections on the skin. Mites that reproduce with the eggs they leave can survive for 1 to 2 days outside the human body. Therefore, it is much more likely to spread from person to person in public areas. Tunnels opened by the mite in the upper layers of the skin, the eggs and feces it leaves bring with it an extremely severe itch. The disease, which often causes itching between the fingers, wrists, elbows, feet, navel, and armpits, does not pose a threat to the general health of the person, but rather reduces the quality of life.

How is scabies transmitted?

Scabies is an extremely easily transmitted disease. The incidence of the disease increases in autumn and winter. The source of scabies, which is much more common in places such as schools, hospitals, nursing homes and barracks, is the sarcoptes scabiei von hominis mite, popularly known as scabies. Scabies is also frequently transmitted among family members. The disease can be transmitted by skin contact, as well as common bedding, bed linen, towels and clothing. The reason for this is that the mite can live for 1-2 days outside the human body. Although it is believed that scabies seen in people of all ages and genders are seen in people who do not care about their personal hygiene, this is not true. Scabies is not directly related to personal hygiene. Shaking or cuddling with someone with the disease can also cause scabies to infect a healthy person. When the scab beetle passes to the healthy person, it goes under the skin, opens tunnels and breeds quickly. The first symptoms take about 2 to 6 weeks to appear, but during this period, scabies can be transmitted from person to person. Symptoms may occur earlier in a person who has previously had scabies. Although the disease is likely to be transmitted from animals with scabies to humans, in this case, unlike scabies transmitted from person to person, symptoms appear within 1-3 hours. Scabies mite, which passes from animal to human, cannot enter the skin and die within a short time. Frequently asked “What causes scabies?” The question can be answered in this way. It goes under the skin, opens tunnels here and quickly reproduces. The first symptoms take about 2 to 6 weeks to appear, but during this period, scabies can be transmitted from person to person. Symptoms may occur earlier in a person who has previously had scabies.

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Although the disease is likely to be transmitted from animals with scabies to humans, in this case, unlike scabies transmitted from person to person, symptoms appear within 1-3 hours. Scabies mite, which passes from animal to human, cannot enter the skin and die within a short time. Frequently asked “What causes scabies?” The question can be answered in this way. It goes under the skin, opens tunnels here and quickly reproduces. The first symptoms take about 2 to 6 weeks to appear, but during this period, scabies can be transmitted from person to person. Symptoms may occur earlier in a person who has previously had scabies. Although the disease is likely to be transmitted from animals with scabies to humans, in this case, unlike scabies transmitted from person to person, symptoms appear within 1-3 hours. Scabies mite, which passes from animal to human, cannot enter the skin and die within a short time. Frequently asked “What causes scabies?” The question can be answered in this way. Symptoms may occur earlier in a person who has previously had scabies.

Although the disease is likely to be transmitted from animals with scabies to humans, in this case, unlike scabies transmitted from person to person, symptoms appear within 1-3 hours. Scabies mite, which passes from animal to human, cannot enter the skin and die within a short time. Frequently asked “What causes scabies?” The question can be answered in this way. Symptoms may occur earlier in a person who has previously had scabies. Although the disease is likely to be transmitted from animals with scabies to humans, in this case, unlike scabies transmitted from person to person, symptoms appear within 1-3 hours. Scabies mite, which passes from animal to human, cannot enter the skin and die within a short time. Frequently asked “What causes scabies?” The question can be answered in this way.

What are the symptoms of scabies?

A common, parasitic condition, scabies, often causes itching between the wrist, elbow, armpit, chest, waist, hips, feet and fingers. Itching and lesions can be seen in the nipples in women and in the genital area in men. Itching may also occur in the back of the ear, face, palms and soles of children. Tunnels opened by mites can be seen from the skin surface with the naked eye. Scabies, which causes itching that is severe enough to decrease one’s quality of life, may also cause different skin infections due to irritation caused by itching. Therefore, the physician should be consulted in the presence of the following symptoms.

  • Severe itching, especially at night
  • White or gray colored 1-10 mm long lines on the skin surface caused by the mite, especially between the fingers,
  • Itching, which increases with hot bath,
  • Dirt accumulation in the upper part of the tunnels caused by the mite, blackhead-like formations,
  • Liquid-filled lesions resembling pearl on the skin surface,
  • Widespread rash, rash and presence of wounds.

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What is crusted shell scab?

Crusted crusted scabies, commonly known as crustacean scab or Norwegian scabies, occurs in infants, elderly or sick people with a weakened immune system. In addition to scabies, the disease can cause itching in the soles of the feet, hands, palms, neck, head, and face. On the skin surface of the person, thick crusts containing the egg of the scabies mite can be seen. A person with Crusted scabies has about 2 million scabies mites or eggs in his body. Therefore, they are more likely to transmit the disease to other people. People with immune-suppressing neurological disease, Down syndrome, chemotherapy, AIDS patients, as well as the elderly and infants who have not yet fully developed the immune system may experience crusted crusted scabies.

How is scabies diagnosed?

For the diagnosis of scabies, which people of all ages can catch worldwide, the physician takes the patient’s anamnesis and then performs a physical examination. Often, although the symptoms caused by scabies mite are sufficient for diagnosis, in some cases, the physician may also request a laboratory test by taking a tissue sample. When a person is diagnosed with scabies, the physician can call family members for control, even if they do not have scabies. The reason for this is that the people who live in the same house have a high risk of transmission of scabies and it takes 2 to 6 weeks for scabies to show their first symptoms after transmission.

How is scabies treated?

After the diagnosis of scabies, the doctor usually organizes a treatment consisting of creams and lotions. These creams and lotions are applied to the entire skin down from the neck at night when the itching intensity increases. When waking up in the morning, one should take a shower. The treatment is repeated this way for about a week. In some cases, the physician may give additional medications to relieve itching and other symptoms, as well as oral medications. It is extremely important to use the drugs as prescribed by the doctor and for the treatment of the disease.

How to protect from scabies?

The most effective way to prevent scabies is to avoid direct skin contact with the person who has scabies. Bed linen, towels and clothes of the person who is infected with scabies should not be used. These products should be washed with at least 50 ° C hot water. Items such as carpet, bed that cannot be washed should be sweeping very well and the bag of the vacuum cleaner should be discarded. Surfaces thought to have scabies mite can be cleaned with bleach and hot water.

If one of the family members is diagnosed with scabies, it is recommended that the entire family go to the doctor and go through the necessary health checks. We wish you healthy days.

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