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What is Slap Cheek Syndrome in Children?

Name of slapped cheek syndrome in children is the fifth disease. This disease is common in winter. It occurs with redness and rash on the cheeks. In addition to its virus origin, it is also an infectious disease.

Article Content

  • What are the Symptoms of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
  • How Long Does the Fifth Disease Last?
  • Fifth Disease Allergy?
  • Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Leave Redness?
  • Causes of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?
  • How Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Infect?
  • With which disease can the fifth disease be confused?
  • What Happens If Slapped Cheek Syndrome Is Not Treated?
  • Does Fifth Disease Fever In Children?

What are the Symptoms of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?

Slapped Cheek Syndrome

Some of the known symptoms of disease include:

  • It is one of the symptoms of regular rash on the cheeks. The disease takes its name from here. Because this rash gives the appearance of slapped.
  • It is the occurrence of lacy rash on the arms and legs.
  • 3 days after the onset of the syndrome, rash occurs on the hands, toes, trunk and hips.
  • High fever is one of the symptoms.
  • Mild itching in the area of ​​the rash is one of the symptoms.
  • Feeling tired is a symptom of slapped cheek syndrome.
  • It also has symptoms that can be confused with colds such as sore throat, headache and runny nose.

How Long Does the Fifth Disease Last?

In the fifth disease, symptoms appear day by day, step by step. Therefore, these symptoms appear within a period of 5 to 10 days and they begin to ease.

Memorial Şişli Hospital, Department of Child Health and Diseases, Uz. Dr. Özlem Okutan, fifth disease

He gave information about and its treatment:

Fifth Disease Allergy?

“The fifth disease is a well-progressing, rash disease. It is common especially in the early winter months. It manifests itself with fever, malaise and rash. Rashes can occur quite intensely. It can be confused with allergic, urticarial rashes or other rashes. For this, attention should be paid to the following symptoms:

• Fire
• Fatigue
• Redness occurs especially in the cheek area. The rash starts on the face and holds a large area, like a cellulite. It is not a messy and irregular image like in an allergy.

Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Leave Redness?

The rash caused by the disease does not leave a permanent scar. Rashes fade and disappear within 2-3 days. Itching does not usually occur. The rash starts from the head area, spreads downwards. These rashes will fade and disappear within 2-3 days, at most in 7 days. Parents should not send the child to school for at least 1-2 days in this process. This issue is important in terms of listening to the child and reducing the risk of contamination.

blank slapped cheek syndrome

Causes of Slapped Cheek Syndrome?

The fifth disease, which can be seen in all children, is not directly related to whether immunity is weak or strong. It is more common especially in school children. Its incidence increases after nursery age compared to infants. Each viral rash disease opens the door to another disease. It reduces immunity a little more. In this respect, it is important for the family to be conscious and to follow the child correctly.

How Does Slapped Cheek Syndrome Infect?

The fifth disease, which has a high risk of contamination, can also be transmitted before the rash appears. The disease spreads through saliva and droplets, and is carried by breathing. Children can infect this disease before the rash appears. While there is no risk of intensive contamination during the rash, as well as chicken pox or measles, caution should be exercised like any rash disease.

With which disease can the fifth disease be confused?

Rashes appear on the face, hands, arms and legs, and trunk. Chickenpox and hand-foot-mouth disease are similar viruses. It starts like a fly bite and turns into tiny vesicles filled with water. 5. illness are common, similar to an allergic rash in the form of pink rashes under the skin, called macules, which do not cause any openness or dryness on the cheeks, especially on the cheeks, but they are inverted with rash. In this respect, it is extremely easy to distinguish.

What Happens If Slapped Cheek Syndrome Is Not Treated?

Treatment of the fifth disease is planned according to the symptoms. If the rash has reached the level that bothers the patient, allergy medications can cause the rash to fade faster. It is important to rest for 1-2 days. If it is not treated on time, the child has an increased risk of upper respiratory infections, otitis media, influenza and other febrile illnesses.

Does Fifth Disease Fever In Children?

Be careful about fever in children. The preliminary precursor of a disease is fever. In viral diseases, especially in the fifth disease, fever occurs with a rash, but within a few days both rash and fever disappear. However, if a new fever is seen later, it may be necessary to consider if there is a different underlying cause and evaluate other diseases. Children who are sure of their general condition as much as possible, have a normal fever for 48 hours and have no rash can go to school. “

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