What Is Thyroid Scintigraphy? How Is It Performed?

There are different tissues in our body that are important for organs to function. One of these tissues is thyroid glands. Thyroid glands are located on the neck and are shaped like a butterfly. For a healthy body, the thyroid gland that secretes hormones works slower or faster than it should, causing some problems in the body. Thyroid deficiency or thyroid excess, which is mostly seen in women, may cause serious problems in the body in the future, although not at first.

Early diagnosis is very important for diseases that may arise from the thyroid glands in the body. Having problems with thyroids, which are important for our body, is an important issue that cannot be taken lightly.

What is Thyroid Scintigraphy?

Thyroid scintigraphy is a medical screening test that gives us information about the condition of the thyroid. When the symptoms of the problem are seen in the thyroid glands in the body, it is necessary to go to an indication specialist in hospitals without wasting time. If there is no indigenous specialist in your hospital, you should go to an internal medicine specialist. After the doctor examines the patient, the doctor may request a thyroid scintigraphy to make a definitive diagnosis.

How is Thyroid Scintigraphy Performed?

For thyroid scintigraphy, drug is given to the patient intravenously and it is waited for 20 minutes for the drug to spread to the body. Afterwards, the patient is taken to the shooting room and thyroid scintigraphy is taken in an average of 10 minutes. As can be understood from its duration, this procedure is very easy, does not involve excessive radiation and is not painful.

There is no need for special preparation before thyroid scintigraphy. For example, the patient does not need to be hungry and regularly used drugs do not need to be stopped. Thyroid scintigraphy results can be obtained rapidly 10 minutes after the exposure.

The first thing that is usually wondered about thyroid scintigraphy is whether it gives pain or not. Before this procedure, radioactive material, which allows the thyroid to be examined, is injected into the patient intravenously. This substance does not cause pain or pain in the patient.

Who Can Have Thyroid Scintigraphy?

Thyroid scintigraphy is a procedure applied to people who have problems with their thyroid. Thyroid diseases, which are more common in women than men, have the risk of turning into cancer if left untreated. In this case, the types of cancer that occur are also considered as “benign” or “malignant”.

Thyroid scintigraphy can also be done to find out whether thyroid diseases are benign or malignant. As a result of examinations and examinations, the doctor determines the necessary and appropriate treatment for the patient and tries to prevent the occurrence of larger disease.

What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Disease?

As everyone knows, the first way to overcome the illnesses we experience is to have sufficient information about the disease and its symptoms and to see a doctor immediately after the symptoms start to occur. Possible symptoms of diseases that will occur in the thyroid glands can be listed as follows:

  1. Weakness, tiredness, and sleepiness
  2. Feeling cold often
  3. Constipation
  4. Pain and cramping in the muscles
  5. Anorexia
  6. Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid glands)
  7. Sensitization and dryness of the skin
  8. Hair loss and dryness
  9. Eye and face swelling
  10. The growth of the tongue
  11. Depressed
  12. Memory and concentration problems
  13. Numbness in the hands

In Which Cases Is Thyroid Scintigraphy Performed?

Thyroid scintigraphy is performed to diagnose infections and other diseases in the thyroid region. Thyroid diseases can develop hidden or suddenly. That’s why it’s important to be diagnosed early. Scintigraphy is of great benefit in this regard.

Above, we have mentioned the possible symptoms of thyroid diseases. In case of such symptoms, an endochronology specialist or an internal medicine specialist should be visited immediately in hospitals. When the doctor suspects thyroid diseases, he requires scintigraphy to be sure and to make a definitive diagnosis. Thyroid scintigraphy is done in highly developed laboratories and a report is then created. This report contains detailed information about the illness of the person.

Thanks to thyroid scintigraphy, the stage of the disease can be seen and the doctors can start the appropriate treatment for the patient accordingly and cure the disease before it gets worse with early treatment.

After thyroid scintigraphy, patients return to their normal lives. During scintigraphy, the attendant next to the patient should stay away from the shooting area.

What Should Be Done After Thyroid Scintigraphy?

Thyroid scintigraphy is taken in a radiated area. For this reason, pregnant women should stay away from this area.

After thyroid scintigraphy, the person undergoing scintigraphy should not come into contact with others. It is not recommended to have sexual intercourse, especially immediately after scintigraphy. Because the scintigraphy effect can be seen on the other person.

In scintigraphy, radioactive material given from the vascular access to get the image of the body can be excreted from the body in various forms (urine, etc.). For this reason, the person should pay attention to follow the hygiene rules, especially in the toilet.

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