The heart works continuously to send clean blood to its tissues and organs through the circulatory system and reclaim the oxygen-poor blood. During this process, which is realized by the continuous contraction and relaxation of the heart, the heart sends the blood to the aortic vessels with a certain pressure each time it contracts. The blood sent from the aortic vessels to all other vessels in the body leads to the expansion and narrowing of the vessels with elastic properties. The pressure that occurs in the veins when the heart pumps blood is called medical systolic pressure or large blood pressure, commonly known by the people. Although the pressure decreases with the relaxation of the heart muscle, it does not disappear completely. Meanwhile, the pressure measured is defined as small blood pressure or diastolic pressure.
Although ideal blood pressure differs from person to person, it is generally expected that big blood pressure will be between 120 and 130, and small blood pressure between 70 and 90. Low blood pressure is defined as hypotension. This condition, which is mostly unfavorable, rarely causes symptoms. However, sudden drop in blood pressure can lead to unwanted conditions such as headaches, malaise, and fainting. Hypertension is the name given to high blood pressure. It can be seen in the presence of diabetes, obesity, thyroid, kidney and adrenal gland diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases.
Excessive salt consumption and sedentary lifestyle are also known to cause hypertension. Headache, malaise, palpitations, sweating, humming in the ears, ringing, frequent urination, swelling of the legs and nosebleeds are among the common symptoms. When high blood pressure is not controlled, it can damage vital organs such as the kidney and heart. In some serious cases, it can cause brain bleeding and stroke. That’s why it’s very important to control high blood pressure. In this article, you can find answers to frequently asked questions such as “What is blood pressure?” And “What lowers blood pressure?”
What is blood pressure?
Each time the heart beats, it sends some blood to the artery. In the time before it hits again, the blood fills the heart again. The pressure that occurs when the blood is pumped into the vessels, systolic blood pressure, that is, high blood pressure, and the pressure measured when the heart muscle relaxes, is defined as diastolic blood pressure or in other words, small blood pressure. In healthy individuals, large blood pressure is expected to be in the range of 120-130 mm Hg and small blood pressure in the range of 70-90 mm Hg. High blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as large blood pressure above 140 mm Hg or small blood pressure above 90 mm Hg. Measurement should be done on two different days and at rest to determine whether the person has hypertension. Approximately 45% of high blood pressure patients, which are common in our country as in the world, do not realize that they have blood pressure. In addition, the rate of diagnosis of patients coming to routine controls is at the level of 45%. This situation leads to the development of many different health problems in the person over time. Therefore, controlling high blood pressure is extremely important. One of the questions frequently asked by blood pressure patients is “What lowers high blood pressure?” It shaped.
What lowers high blood pressure?
High blood pressure disease is one of the most common conditions today. High blood pressure, which is thought to be an insidious disease, actually has many symptoms such as headache starting from the nape of the neck, dizziness, double or blurred vision, nosebleeds, humming and ringing in the ears, shortness of breath, sweating, palpitations, frequent urination, irregular heartbeat. Physician control is extremely important in hypertension disease where lifestyle change is essential. Medicines prescribed to hypertensive patients should be used regularly and at the specified dosage. Patients who are diagnosed for the first time and whose medication is started should go to the physician’s control within 2 to 4 weeks. It may take several days or weeks for the medications given to take effect. Then patients are recommended to go for a check-up every 6 months. During the checkup, the physician checks for reversible risk factors and the presence of organ damage. In addition, the physician reviews the patient’s fasting blood glucose, creatinine, potassium levels and lipid profiles annually. In addition, urinary protein excretion is controlled by analyzing urine made for the first time in the morning. If necessary, the drug or dose is changed. It is extremely important not to stop taking medicines and take them regularly during the whole process. Irregular use of drugs creates a high risk. Although it is normal for the blood pressure to drop after using the medication for a while, it should not be stopped unless the doctor recommends it. Some of the changes that hypertension patients can make in their lifestyle to lower high blood pressure can be listed as follows:
- Smoking Cessation: After smoking, blood pressure rises suddenly for 15 to 30 minutes. This leads to an increase in cardiovascular risks 2-3 times, leading to impaired lipid profile and increased insulin resistance. Quitting smoking is important for reducing the resistance to hypertension drugs.
- Balancing the Weight: It is known that the body mass index is at 27 and above increases blood pressure. In the studies conducted, it was observed that the first 5 kilos given by hypertension patients reduced blood pressure. In addition, every 1 kilo of weight given after the first 5 kilos causes the blood pressure level to decrease by 1.6 mm Hg and 1.3 mm Hg.
- Limitation of Salt Consumption: Limiting the use of table salt (NaCI) is extremely important in patients with hypertension. Daily table salt use 6 gr. It should be limited to. In the light of the studies conducted, when the table salt of hypertension patients was limited to 4.7 to 5.8 g, it was observed that large blood pressure decreased by 4.8 mm Hg and small blood pressure decreased by 2.5 mm Hg. Therefore, the use of salt and consumption of processed foods should be avoided. This restriction also increases the effectiveness of hypertension drugs.
- Potassium Intake: Potassium from fresh vegetables and fruits is known to lower blood pressure. In other words, when 90 mmol potassium is taken regularly, large blood pressure decreases by 4.4 mm Hg and small blood pressure decreases by 2.4 mm Hg.
- Exercise: People who live a sedentary life have a 20% to 50% higher risk of experiencing high blood pressure compared to those who are active. Exercises, which are performed 3-4 times a week for half an hour, and provide the targeted heart rate to increase by 60% to 70%, decrease the blood pressure by 4 to 8 mm Hg. Before starting this type of exercise, a doctor’s opinion must be taken.
- Coping with Stress: Mood changes and emotional stress lead to an acute rise in blood pressure. Therapies such as psychotherapy, yoga, and meditation may cause low blood pressure drop for a short time. However, there is not yet sufficient study on the long-term effects of these methods.
Apart from all this, limiting caffeine consumption, eating an omega-3-rich diet or a vegetarian diet will help lower blood pressure. Frequently asked “What lowers big and small blood pressure?” questions can be answered in this way.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports also include some recommendations to control hypertension and protect public health. These suggestions include balancing body weight, increasing physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption, daily use of table salt to 6 g. to limit and increase potassium intake. In some academic articles published around the world, in order to reduce high blood pressure, the diet rich in fruits and vegetables, poor in total and unsaturated fat, slightly increased protein and poor cholesterol, blood pressure in patients with hypertension, 5.5 / 3.0 mm Hg in healthy individuals and 3.5 / 2.1 mm in healthy individuals. It has been found to decrease Hg value.
If you think you have high blood pressure, do not forget to have your checks done by applying to the nearest health institution.