Normal wounds can heal in about 3 weeks, while some wounds may take months or even years to heal. Regional factors, such as the state of the wound, inflammation, trauma and edema, and systemic factors affecting the whole body, such as vitamin deficiency, age, nutritional status, and general health, are the main factors that influence healing.
Nutrition Specialist Pınar Kural Enç, B12 and vitamin K deficiency in the lack of later reports of healing.
Infection is one of the most important factors affecting the healing time of the wounds. When a wound gets infected, it leaves the healing to an end, as the immune system allocates most of the energy to get rid of bacteria. In addition, bacteria are inhibited because they produce toxins and cause the death of cells. In particular, insect bites are wounds in which the infection is intense.
Disorders in blood and oxygen circulation
Blood delivers nutrients and oxygen to cleanse the healing area from bacteria. Advancing age, diabetes, and high blood pressure interfere with healing because they affect the entire circulation. Anemia and chronic lung diseases adversely affect oxygen circulation, and obesity slows the healing of wounds as the fat layer reduces blood flow rate in the veins. In addition, smoking also slows the healing of the wounds because it slows down circulation.
Condition of wounds
The state of the wounds also affects healing. Dehydration, the body does not get enough fluid causes the wounded cell to dry and shell.
Side effects of drugs
Inflammatory drugs, such as cortisone, postpone healing. Chemotherapy inhibits the healing of wounds because it stops the proliferating cells. Radiation therapy enhances infection by affecting bone marrow function, and prolonged use of antibiotics also exposes a second risk of infection.
Elderly patients’ wounds will heal later than children and healthy adults, because their skin is more delicate and the risks of infection are greater.
Not enought feeding
Our body needs more protein, zinc, A and B vitamins and calories to heal wounds. Therefore, it is important to be balanced and adequate nutrition. Our diet plan should include at least two to three servings of protein, 1 portion of green and orange fruit and vegetables rich in vitamin A, 1 portion of citrus fruits, strawberries, spinach, peppers, tomatoes and potatoes. Zinc in red meat, fish and cereals can also be useful for healing wounds.