What is Fibroadenom?
Fibroadenoma is a benign breast tumor that occurs in the breasts of women, is felt as a tuber, not cancerous. Fibroadenoma is usually seen in women between the ages of 15 and 35 years.
Fibroadenomas vary in size and may occur anywhere in the breast tissue. Approximately 9% of the female population has fibroadenoma.
The cause of fibroadenoma is uncertain. Many factors are thought to increase the risk of developing fibroadenoma. These factors include:
- Estrogen therapy or other hormone treatments
- Contraceptive use
- Dark skin
- High socioeconomic status
- Low body mass index (BMI)
- No or few full-time pregnancies
Symptoms of Fibroadenoma
Fibroadenom is usually felt as a hard textured bump in the chest, it moves easily under the skin. Fibroadenomas are usually painless, but may be sensitive and painful, especially before menstruation.
Most fibroadenomas are 1-3 cm in size and are called simple fibroadenomas. When viewed under the microscope, all of the simple fibroadenomas will look the same. Simple fibroadenomas do not increase the risk of breast cancer in the future.
Some fibroadenomas are called complex fibroadenomas. Some of these cells have different properties when viewed under a microscope. Having a complex fibroadenoma can increase the risk of breast cancer in the future.
Giant or Young Fibroadenoma
Rarely, fibroadenoma can grow more than 5 cm and is called giant fibroadenoma. Young adolescent girls are called fibroadenomas.
How is fibroadenoma diagnosed?
Your doctor will perform a basic physical examination first. These include both checking your chest for abnormalities or tumors. Depending on factors such as your age, your doctor may request the following tests:
- Breast ultrasound
- Diagnostic mammography. Mammography uses X-rays to produce images of mammals (mammograms) in the breast tissue. The fibroadenoma can be seen on the mammogram in a flat, rounded corner and surrounded by distal breast tissue.
- Breast Ultrasound. This technology uses sound waves to produce the image of the chest. Your doctor may recommend breast ultrasound in addition to mammograms to assess your chest pain if you have extensive breast tissue.
How Is Fibroadenoma Treated?
- In many cases, fibroadenomas are harmless and do not require any treatment.
- If you have a small fibroadenoma, your doctor may advise you to wait to see the growth or shrinkage of the tub instead of removing it immediately.
- If fibroadenomas are large or cause anxiety in the person, they can be taken by surgery but this is rare. Most fibroadenomas stop growing over time.
- It is important for women with fibroadenoma to have regular breast examination or imaging tests to ensure that there is no growth in fibroadenomas.
- Sometimes one or more new fibroadenomas can grow after surgery. This means the formation of another fibroadenoma – it does not mean that the old one comes back.
Surgical removal of fibroadenoma
The scope of the operation depends on the size of the fibroadenoma. Surgery is usually performed with general anesthesia. Contacts return home on the same day. There will be scars where fibroadenoma is taken.
There are many techniques your surgeon can use to get a fibroadenoma, including:
- Cryoablation (freezing of the tuber)
- Percutaneous Excision (Tumor injection)
- Surgically removing or cutting the tumor
What Are Fibroadenoma Harm, Does It Make Breast Cancer?
Basit fibroadenomu olan kadınlar az oranda göğüs kanseri riskine sahiptir – Kompleks fibroadenomlar basit olanlara göre bir miktar daha fazla risk artışı gösterir. Risk of breast cancer: Women with simple fibroadenoma have a low risk of breast cancer – Complex fibroadenomas show a slightly greater risk increase than simple ones.
Sürekli meme kanserine yakalanma korkusu, tümörün iyi huylu olduğu teşhis edilse bile, psikolojik ve duygusal kargaşaya neden olur ve depresyon veya anksiyete bozukluklarına yol açabilir. Psychological problems: Fears of continual breast cancer cause psychological and emotional disturbance and may lead to depression or anxiety disorders, even if the tumor is diagnosed as benign.