22nd Annual Congress of the Turkish Thoracic Society with International Participation took place in Antalya. At the press conference of the congress, which was organized this year with the slogan “Healthy Breath, Healthy World”, experts touched on important issues.
The most critical issues addressed in the meeting were climate change and the risk of air pollution. Speaking at the press conference, Dr. Lecturer. In its measurements, member Nilüfer Aykaç announced that Ardahan is the only city that has a clean air according to WHO measurements. Here are the explanations of Akyaç:
“We think breathing fresh air is an important human right and ‘Healthy breath, healthy world’ was our slogan at this year’s congress. We know that we wake up to a bad weather every morning. What does air pollution do? In fact, it affects starting from pregnancy, starting from maternal health, starting from the mother’s child. Low-weight babies, babies with autism, babies with underdeveloped babies are born and stillbirths are increasing. We are also facing asthma, infections and cancers. This is a very serious problem. According to the data of the World Health Organization, Ardahan is the only city in the maps we brought to the Congress this year. In other words, people living in all provinces wake up by breathing dirty air in the morning. This is an important problem, new municipal elections, we need your help in this regard; You are born in Turkey in a healthy world, healthy children, they do not have cancer later in COPD patients, autism, Alzheimer’s disease, type-1, type-2 diabetes so they can be ”
DR. Lecturer. Member Nilüfer Aykaç is the speaker. Com. a TR did mention that in his statement made enough measurements in some regions and stressed that for a moment before air pollution issues must attain the necessary importance in Turkey:
Turkey makes about 80 percent of its energy from fossil fuels. Now we have to give up fossil fuels and base on renewable energy. Because we know that carbon dioxide increases greenhouse gases, both causing air pollution and negative effects, and triggering the climate crisis.
We should create more green spaces in our cities, we should build low-rise buildings where cities can breathe instead of high-rise buildings, we should increase the use of clean fuel that puts ecological balance forward, we should improve living conditions, for example, we should make projects that would increase bicycle use.
MEASUREMENT IS MADE IN CLEAN LOCATIONS BUT NOT IN DIRTY ZONES
There’s a site of the Ministry of Environment in Turkey and has over 300 stations. Approximately 211 stations are operational. In fact, the main problem last year was that one of every 4 stations did not measure. In other words, less than 75 percent of a year is measured. For example, there are 30 stations in Istanbul, but there are only 9 stations that measure regularly. Districts such as Esenyurt and Göztepe are places where air pollution is incredibly intense, but there is no measurement here. The cleanest areas are Şile, but there is no measurement problem here.
When we compare with the data of WHO, we have no provinces with clean air outside Ardahan. There is serious pollution in Bursa, Muğla and Kahramanmaraş.
ONE OF EVERY 4 STATIONS DOES NOT MEASURE ENOUGH
Turkish Thoracic Society inadequate measurement is done in many parts of Turkey, according to data sharing. Here is the data:
In 2018, the station measured and the number of pollution tracked days were reduced and resolved. While the number of stations with insufficient measurements was 26 in 2017, this value increased to 48 in 2018. In other words; One out of every four stations located throughout Turkey in 2018, has been making measurements at a sufficient level. It is noteworthy that the stations that do not make measurements do not measure in the regions and periods when the air pollution is intense.
AIR OF 27 PROVINCES ONLY ‘CLEAN’
Compared to the World Health Organization and European Union limit values, only 27 provinces (33 percent) have “clean” air, even according to national legislation, which considers higher values “clean” in terms of particulate matter (PM10). In other words; According to WHO data of our national legislation, only one of our three provinces does not exceed the limit values, even according to the limit values.
SINGLE PROVINCE WITHOUT BORDER VALUES: ARDAHAN
Ardahan is our only province that does not exceed the limit values allowed by the World Health Organization in 2018 in terms of particulate matter. Particulate matter levels (PM10) of Tunceli (21 µg / m3) and Hakkâri (21 µg / m3), Rize (23 µg / m3) and Artvin (25 µg / m3) in four of our five cleanest provinces, respectively, to World Health Organization limit values is considered dirty.
AIR POLLUTION IN ISTANBUL, ANKARA AND IZMIR
in Istanbul In 2018, only 9 (30 percent) of the 30 stations in total were adequately measured. In other words; In 2018, not enough measurements were made at two of every three stations. On the other hand, it is noteworthy that the stations with insufficient measurements were predominantly districts such as Aksaray, Esenler, Göztepe, Kadıköy, Yenibosna in the past years, and there were districts such as Silivri and Şile among the nine stations where sufficient measurements were made.
When 2016 – 2018 are evaluated together; It is observed that there is no steady reduction in pollution in the stations except Kandilli and Sarıyer districts among the stations where sufficient measurement has been done for at least two years.
Both in terms of national legislation and World Health Organization limit values Ankara air is dirty in terms of particulate matter. Pollution reaches and exceeds 3 times the permitted limit value in Sincan (66 µg / m3), Keçiören (61 µg / m3), Ayaş (60 µg / m3) and Çankaya (60 µg / m3).
When 2016 and 2018 are evaluated together, no disturbance in the air pollution has been experienced in any district other than the sites, and a steady increase in pollution has been observed in Sincan. It is noteworthy that in Ankara, Bahçelievler and Sıhhiye districts, which are known to be problematic in terms of pollution, have not been adequately measured in 2018.
ENOUGH MEASUREMENT IS MADE IN IZMIR ONLY FROM THREE BIG PROVINCES
Located between three major provinces Izmir, unlike Ankara and Istanbul, is the only city where sufficient measurements are made at all stations every three years.
Similarly, it is a province where there is less air pollution problem compared to Ankara and Istanbul.
However, despite these advantages, there is no steady reduction in pollution in any district of Izmir except Alsancak over the years. Also, considering the places where the measurement is made, there is not enough measurement in Aliağa, where the air pollution is quite high.
TURKEY’S DIRTY STATIONS (2016-2018)
Considering that Ağrı – Doğubeyazıt, Iğdır and Bursa provinces are among the top ten stations in at least two years in terms of particulate matter pollution, it can be stated that these regions have stabilized in terms of pollution. On the other hand, in the provinces of Iğdır, Bursa, Manisa, Erzincan and Afyon, it is observed that the highest particulate matter pollution was experienced between 2016 and 2018. In this case, that the air pollution problems in Turkey such as Istanbul and Ankara not limited to metropolitan areas, found a prevalence countries suggests that in general.
YEAR POLLUTIONS THAT ARE PROBLEMS (2016 – 2018)
As it is known, according to European Union measurements, the number of days when the limit value of 50 µg / m3 is exceeded should be maximum 35 days in a year. However, the average number of days of exceeding the limit value of Amasya (Şehzade), Bursa, Denizli (Bayramyeri), Iğdır, Manisa and Niğde stations in 2016, 2017 and 2018 is 283, 299 and 293 days, respectively. In other words; People living in these regions have spent more than 50 µg / m3 of inhaled particulate matter over the past three years on 292 days (80 percent of the year).
IN WHICH CITY LIVE?
making measurements in Turkey 211 stations, only 5 of them (2 percent) in 2016 – has on the measurement results to allow healthy air breathing between 2018 Ardahan, Erzurum, Pasinler, Tunceli, Çanakkale Biga Ictas, Artvin.